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amaranthus spinosus common name

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Potential of Phomopsis amaranthicola and Microsphaeropsis amaranthi, as bioherbicides for several weedy Amaranthus species. 3. Extracts of the plant Murraya paniculata inhibit seed germination of A. spinosus, giving potential for weed control. Ecological studies of noxious weeds common to India and America, which are becoming an increasing problem in the upper Gangetic plains. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. A geographic atlas of world weeds. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. Overview Information Amaranth is a plant. DyeYellow and green dyes can be obtained from the whole plant[168]. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Nova Odessa, Brazil: H. Lorenzi, 425 pp. 12(1): Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 [ed. (8 col.). Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Company. Leaves are occasionally found for sale on markets. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); flowers and stem. 50, Oceanic islands 2. The PLANTS Database. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 584 pp. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Stroud A; Parker C, 1989. Lorenzi H, 1982. ; many pl. Mokuauia, Oahu, Hawaii, USA. Part 1. MacKee HS, 1994. However, its use is declining, and it is acquiring the status of a famine food. The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. November 2006. Misra R, 1969. Maximum growth is obtained on soils that are high in organic matter, loamy in texture and that have sufficient nitrogen (Holm et al., 1977). Seeds are dispersed by wind, water and as a contaminant in crop and pasture seeds, farm machinery and farm products. Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and the new regulation for prevention of their adverse effects. In: Oceanic islands 2, 50 Canberra, Australian Government Publishing Service. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. The dried leaves contain (per 100g) 267 - 276 calories, 20 - 34.4% protein, 2 - 4.5% fat, 45 - 54% carbohydrate, 9.8 - 10.4% fibre, 16.6 - 24% ash, 1795 - 5333mg calcium, 333 - 460mg phosphorus, 13.5 - 152.7mg iron, 13 - 37mg sodium, 337 - 3528mg potassium, 27.9 - 40.8mg betacarotene equivalent, 0.06mg thiamine, 2.02mg riboflavin, 7.7 - 8.6mg niacin and 503mg ascorbic acid[218]. A. viridis hybridizes with A. blitum (Coons, 1981). Amaranthus diacanthus Raf. It grows in arid lowlands and moist uplands on the Galapagos Islands (McMullen, 1999). Flora of Panama. 2 (5), 266-270 Amaranthus spinosus f. inermis Lauterb. In cotton, it is ranked number one in Thailand, principal in Nicaragua and the USA, and as a common weed in Mozambique. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden. Zuloaga FO, Morrone O, Belgrano MJ, 2008. The basic chromosome number is 10 (Sammour et al., 1993). Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85:1-246. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Common Name: Spiny Amaranth. Catalogue of introduced and cultivated plants in New Caledonia. Motooka P; Castro L; Nelson D; Nagai G; Ching L, 2003. chennai I'm heleena .I doing project work in Amaranthas spinosus plant extract induced in STZ induced diabetic rats. Cuttings of growing plants root easily[206]. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annu… Ampong-Nyarko and de Datta (1991) indicate resistance to fenoxaprop, piperophos and thiobencarb. Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Chemistry. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Waihee, Maui, Hawaii, USA. In: Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 85 1-246. It will grow both in wet or dry sites, but grows best when soil moisture levels are below field capacity. Stroud A, Parker C, 1989. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. In groundnuts, it is a principal weed in Ghana, Hawaii, the Philippines and the USA. Albersia caudata (Jacq.) Good Day to you ! The plant has large thorns which make it unpalatable for grazing livestock and make weeding difficult in parts of the world where hand weeding and harvest are done by hand. Waterhouse D F, 1993. kindly help to give the detailed report in this plant and also give the Sangameswaran and jeyakar 2007 paper.plz give me the reports and paper immediately.Thanking you sir. In Thai cuisine, where it is called phak khom and in Tamil mullik keerai. No members of this genus are known to be poisonous, but when grown on nitrogen-rich soils they are known to concentrate nitrates in the leaves. Vol. Weeds of Brazil, terrestrial and aquatic, parasitic, poisonous and medicinal. You can unsubscribe at anytime. For instance, it is a troublesome weed in agricultural areas, pastures, and orchards in Africa, Asia, Europe, Australia, and the Pacific region. Potential of, Pangnakorn U; Poonpaiboonpipattana T, 2013. Like other amaranths, it produces large numbers of seeds, which can mature after the plant has been cut, and remain viable for long periods. In India, the bud weevil Ceutorhynchus asperulus, a pest of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), has been found feeding on A. spinosus (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999). spinosus was implicated in a case of livestock poisoning in 1973 when 39 dairy cows died after being fed chopped forage sorghum containing as much as 25-33% (by weight) of the weed. Amaranthus Spinosus to the Blood Hemoglobin count of Mice , but , For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. * Important announcements and news In: Tropicos website, St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA:, Florence J, Chevillotte H, Ollier C, Meyer J-Y, 2013. Ampong-Nyarko K; Datta SK de, 1991. Broome R; Sabir K; Carrington S, 2007. Imazethapyr controlled 72-90% of A. spinosus, whereas bentazone and pyridate failed to provide adequate control (Grichar, 1994). The juice of the root is used in Nepal to treat fevers, urinary troubles, diarrhoea and dysentery[272]. Marchioretto MS, 2014. A. spinosus is also used as a medicinal herb. Many seeds germinate soon after being dispersed, but some seeds can remain viable for many years in the soil seed bank (Waterhouse, 1994). The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. (Catalago de Plantas Vasculares de Bolivia). Hokche O; Berry PE; Huber O, 2008. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. Some tribes in India used A. spinosus to induce abortion (Lemmens and Bunyapraphatsara, 1999; PROTA, 2015). In tropical Africa and elsewhere, A. spinosus leaves and young plants are collected for home consumption as a cooked, steamed or fried vegetable, especially during periods of drought. If older leaves and stems are used the spines must be removed[183]. A. spinosus is a serious weed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Wageningen, Netherlands: Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. vi + 236 pp. Seeds black, lenticular or subglobose, 0.7-1 mm diameter, smooth, shiny (Flora of North America, 2015). A. spinosus is superficially similar to other weedy species of Amaranthus, but is the only species with auxillary spines. of ref. Impact of different herbicides on,, Ortiz-Ribbing L; Williams MM II, 2006. Davidse G; Sousa Sánchez M; Knapp S; Chiang Cabrera F, 2015. Scientific Name: Amaranthus spinosus Root Word: amarantos = unfading, spinosus = spiny Common Name: Spiny Amaranth, Pigweed Vernacular: Kulites Similar Species: Amaranthus viridis L Origin: probably native to tropical America Weed Category: Broadleaves Biocontrol News and Information, 18(1):11N-20N; 2 pp. A. spinosus is a host plant for tobacco mosaic virus, groundnut rosette virus, cucumber mosaic virus and root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp. The photoperiodic response is day-neutral and the plant may flower at day lengths between 8 and 16 h. Overall optimum growth is obtained at a day length of 11-12 h, and it is in areas with such day lengths that the earliest and most abundant flowering takes place. It helps to remove pus from boils[272]. This beetle may replace the use of herbicides to control occasional infestations (Julien, 1992). © Copyright 2020 CAB International. spinosus is a principal weed of mangoes, sorghum, soyabeans and cowpeas in the Philippines; tobacco in Taiwan, beans in Mexico, vegetables in Malaysia, oil palms in Indonesia, papayas and sweet potatoes in Hawaii, mulberries in Japan, and cassava in Ghana. Amaranthus spinosus var. The root is emmenagogue and galactogogue[243]. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii Press. The risk of introduction of A. spinosus is potentially high. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba. Holm LG; Pancho JV; Herberger JP; Plucknett DL, 1991. During our first decision , we wanted In general, plants in the genus Amaranthus are difficult to identify to species, but this one is an exception to the rule. 1), 22-96. We are currently updating this section. Amaranthus in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil (Amaranthus in the list of species of the flora of Brazil). 506 pp. A. spinosus is found in cultivated fields, waste places, roadsides, garbage heaps and abandoned fields. In Australia, it grows as an environmental weed in disturbed areas and rainforest and as an agricultural weed in areas from near sea level to 820 m (Lazarides et al., 1997). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, revised edition. Plants should not be given inorganic fertilizers, see notes above on toxicity. I am researching on other economic and pharmaceutical importance of this weed. Very small, about 1mm in diameter[266], but easy to harvest and very nutritious. USDA-ARS, 2015. 1182 pp. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Field evaluation of,, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Amaranthus fasciatus Roxb.. Amaranthus gracilis Desf.. Amaranthus littoralis Bernh. 3348 pp. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); seeds. Allelopathic potential of orange jessamine (Murraya paniculata L.) against weeds. November 2006. PROTA4U web database. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Co. 391 pp. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Amaranthus spinosus L. Meaning_of_the_name: Amaranthus - derives from the greek word "amarantos" meaning immortal or unfading and "anthos" meaning flower, and refers to long lasting qualities of of the flower; spinosus: spiny. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Utricles ovoid to subglobose, 1.5-2.5 mm, membranaceous proximally, wrinkled and spongy or inflated distally, irregularly dehiscent or indehiscent. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Manila, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute. Flowering stem Photograph by: Unknown ... Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing up to 100cm tall[299. Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015. Volume 2. Lorenzi H, 1982. International Journal of Research in Pharmacy and Chemistry, 4(3):643-653. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Nadeaud botanical database of the Herbarium of French Polynesia. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. A. spinosus often grows as a weed in crops, pastures, orchards, disturbed ground, along roadsides, and in secondary forests (Waterhouse, 1994). Leaves. Hi, Balick MJ; Nee M; Atha DE, 2000. Compendium record. PROTA4U web database., [ed. This plant can be weedy or invasive for a number of crops including beans, coffee, cotton, cowpeas, mangoes, maize,mulberries, oil palms, papayas, pineapples, rice, sorghum, soyabeans, sugarcane, sweet potatoes, tobacco, and vegetables. Hutchinson J, Dalziel J M, 1954. Ithaca, New York, USA: Comstock Publisher Assoc., 370 pp. Antioquia. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. J.]. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Plant Disease, 84(11):1225-1230. Australia: CSIRO Publishing. Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. the processes are intricate , to think that we are still high school students . The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found … Caracas, Venezuela: Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, 860 pp. A native of tropical America and is found mainly in warm areas. The world's worst weeds. Flora of China. Other names of the plant are Prickly amaranth, Needle burr, Spiny amaranth, etc. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. Global_description: Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, many-branched annual herb growing up to 1.5 m., Flora of Pakistan, 2015. A Weed Identification Guide for Ethiopia. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. USDA-NRCS, 2015. Weeds of Hawaii's Pastures and Natural Areas; an identification and management guide. The poison plants of New South Wales. USA. 1. Your website is very helpful and informative. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization. ©John D. Byrd/Mississippi State University/ - CC BY 3.0 US. It has a bitter taste and is usually eaten in small quantities as a substitute when no other vegetables are available.A. Pyxidium viride (L.) … Albersia gracilis Webb & Berthel.. Amaranthus acutilobus Uline & W.L.Bray. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Prefers a well-drained fertile soil in a sunny position[200]. In Hawaii it was introduced in 1928 (Motooka et al., 2003). - This introduced weed can be found throughout Missouri and can be quite common in the habitats mentioned above. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Bracts of pistillate flowers lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, shorter than tepals, apex attenuate., Flora of Pakistan, 2015. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing inflorescence. USA. Herb: Spiny Amaranth Latin name: Amaranthus spinosus Family: Amaranthaceae (Amaranth Family, Pigweed Family) Medicinal use of Spiny Amaranth: The seed is used as a poultice for broken bones. China: Agricultural Publishing House. A paste of the root is used in the treatment of menorrhagia, gonorrhoea, eczema and colic[243, 272]. Flora of Australia. Type: Habitat in Indiis. ), which attack some commercial crops. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); habit, showing white-flushed leaves Kahului Airport, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Orchard AE, 1993. Or…. In: Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji (spermatophytes only). unpaginated. PIER, 2015. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.Antidote  Astringent  Diaphoretic  Emmenagogue  Emollient  Febrifuge  VDThe seed is used as a poultice for broken bones[218]. Ecuador. It is in leaf from April to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. CSIRO handbook of Australian weeds. On the other hand , we are still not sure on what In: Global Environmental Research, 8 (2) 171-191. Invasive alien species in Japan: the status quo and new regulations for prevention of their adverse effects. Spinosus means “spiny,” as does kükü. Wagner WI; Herbst DR; Sohmer SH, 1999. to make a POWDERED TEA , and mix it with water , then , feed the mice . DAISIE, 2015. it is a noted weed in Angola, Brazil, El Salvador, Ghana, Hawaii, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Peru, Philippines, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Taiwan , Thailand, and USA. It should also be noted that repeated herbicide use has resulted in the development of resistant strains in some species of Amaranthus (Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987), and the same could occur in A. spinosus. Canberra, Australia: ACIAR Monograph No 26. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Farmland Weeds in China., Agricultural Publishing House. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Common name : spiny amaranth, Needle burr, prickly amaranth Botanical name : Amaranthus spinosus Family : Amaranthaceae Order : Caryophyllales Origin : America Hindi : Kanta chaulai Genus : Amaranthus Tamil : Thandang keerai worldwide. hi.. im an aggies i wanna know the life span of amaranthus??? Scientific Name Amaranthus spinosus L. Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 991. Varanasi, India: Banaras Hindu University. Cycadaceae a Connaraceae. (Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie.) Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. , 2012. Amaranthus spinosus var. Glomeraria viridis (L.) Cav.. Lagrezia suessenguthii Cavaco. Flora of North America North of Mexico. Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); leaves alternate, broadly lanceolate to ovate, discolorous, up to 7 cm long, 4 cm wide, margins entire, base tapering to a slender petiole up to 7 cm long, with a pair of straight spines up to 1 cm long at base. More >>>. In Korea, Lee et al. However, the spines may cause injury to the mouths of grazing animals and cases of poisoning in cattle have also been reported. (Cycadaceae a Connaraceae). The genetic variability of A. spinosus is great because of its large area of distribution and its wide ecological adaptation (PROTA, 2015). Pangnakorn U; Poonpaiboonpipattana T, 2013. Paris, France: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, unpaginated. Base de données botaniques Nadeaud de l'Herbier de la Polynésie Française (PAP) (Botanical database of the Nadeaud Herbarium of French Polynesia). Around residences on Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. unpaginated. Jørgensen PM, Nee MH, Beck SG, 2015.

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