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leo tolstoy religion

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)�;�BK��b�GV�0�-Gp`\L��-�4h�QU�?���$�ԕ�͖����g��[�� � "���S��؟U�e7���A%�p�1�%�[n. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), I was not so much alienated by the fact that in expounding their religious beliefs they confused Christian truths that had always been close to me with much that was unnecessary and irrational. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), Morality cannot be independent of religion, since it is not only a consequence of religion- that is, of the relationship a person has to the world- but it is also included in religion by implication. (Edmund Burke), "In a time of universal deceit - telling the truth is a revolutionary act. During certain periods in the existence of all human societies, a time has come when religion has first strayed from its basic meaning, and then digressed further and further until it has lost track of this meaning and eventually ossified in the already established forms, at which point it has come to have less and less influence on people’s lives. All these principles are common to Brahmanism, Hebraism, Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity and Mohammedanism. I could understand the law of observing the Sabbath, in other words devoting one day to God. And neither one of them either acknowledges, or is capable of imagining, a social structure other than one based on violence. I experienced the same thing over the celebration of the major feasts. But it can be established in two ways. %��������� (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), True religion is that relationship, in accordance with reason and knowledge, which man establishes with the infinite world around him, and which binds his life to that infinity and guides his actions. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), And so, those who, like the working populace, believe in the lawfulness of the existing structure of society, as too the so-called educated people who try, either gradually or by revolutionary processes, to change the existing order, believe equally in the necessity of violence as a chief weapon for structuring society. I refer to this speech because it was the first to fall into my hands and because it was delivered in the capital of the educated world by a person whom everyone recognised to be a scholar. Never before at any period of religious decline has such a low level of disregard and negligence towards the chief characteristic of all religions and of Christianity in particular- the equality of all men- been reached as in our time. Leo Tolstoy Quotes on Religion & Morality. Leo Tolstoy is well known as a writer of fiction, with his classic works War and Peace and Anna Karenin (which he dismissed as meaningless in later life). without any kind of relationship to the world) as it is for there to be a person without a heart. And yet Count Leo Tolstoi isacknowledged by competent critics to be a man ofextraordinary genius, who, certainly in one instance,… She was called Sonya, the Russian diminutive of Sofia, by her family and friends. It is the best part of the book where Tolstoy defends the Sermon on the Mount as not just unattainable goals, but what Christ expected from his followers. They are as follows: In Christendom we have none. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions). Every question, be it economic (internal or foreign), civil, diplomatic, scientific, not to mention religious and philosophical ones, are put so artificially and mistakenly, wrapped in such a thick layer of complex, unnecessary argument and full of so many subtle twists of meaning and words and such sophistry and debate that all discussions of such questions go round and round in circles, grasping hold of nothing, like a disconnected car wheel. His name doesnot appear in that heterogeneous record of celebritiesknown as The Men of the Time, nor is it to be foundin M. Vapereau's comprehensive Dictionnaire desContemporains. The site is highly recommended as an introduction to Tolstoy's life and thought. People in our world live without faith. (Which is Humanity! The Buddhist has understood, and understands, his relationship with the infinite thus; in passing from one form of life to another, he inevitably suffers. Then followed a metaphysical period, and this has been outlived. Significantly, the Wave Structure of Matter shows that Matter and the Universe are One. “There is one thing, and only one thing, in which it is granted to you to be free in life, all else being … The usual reply to this is that they are already inventing, and with time will have invented, devices to check the destruction of human life existing at the moment. The death of his brother Nikolay in 1860 had an impact on Tolstoy, and led him to a desire to marry. To counteract this distortion there appeared on the one side the Paulicians, and on the other, strict Mohammedaniam with its fundamental teaching of the one God, as opposed to the doctrines of the Trinity and the Virgin Mother. If the most important words of the Ectene became increasingly clear to me, and even if I somehow managed to interpret the words: ‘And remembering Our Sovereign Lady, Holy Mother of God, and all the saints, ourselves and one another, let us devote our entire life to Christ, Our Lord’; and even if I interpreted the frequent repetition of prayers for the Tsar and his family by the fact that they are more exposed to temptation than others, and therefore in greater need of prayer, and the prayers for the subjugation of our enemies and adversaries by saying that they are evil, nevertheless these prayers and others, such as the Hymn of the Cherubim, the Chosen Warriors, as well as the whole sacrament of the Eucharist, in fact nearly two thirds of the service, if not all of it, had no meaning or made me feel that in giving it meaning I was lying and thereby destroying my relation to God and losing all possibility of faith. While I am seeking faith, the force of life, they are seeking the best way of fulfilling, in the eyes of men, certain human obligations. x��ˎ�����W5���]}�NA|�%dž�d���[�/���n���)���ʫ�U��V�S��C=��s����K����ƽv3��j�jڭ�XΛ���?w��+������n�;/s�lݵ�\����O3w�������E/�+��R��p�w�����W����\���'8P���G�n�� k�Z���]^����f�\�p�t���,���:s��u�U��p�>����Zn�W�;s�us��(�j;�U"��A�~8�z��E��R��Ь��H��A�T�����/w������K���,#,���M`iX>}�&:�*vz��gjR�/b�{V��������z��>�ك��MT�+5y���;|țd+7����^E��@!M���CD�[����|���K!�"�Q�� h��|�lzv���#��N7.��Ǔ����U��)O������~E��E �A��V�u����N��V�yD˜�DOh"$�%> d�o����R�:�ZE'� ��w�g��j�}�b}R��>�"?O��&��ٓ��<9J��>� `�b�)��d���W�L�/b����IЋEm�icUKA��Q��}�����d'}O_����/�+?�[�j��籦����WN��cL"_?�g��Ǹ���l6�.�\2�������m����=}��[���A:P��4�z�N�C����"Q��ɞ�@��o�"�~�\4���M�M�#���p:㠑��3Lא! This is how religion has always been understood by people who do not lack the faculty of higher (i.e. These periods of development, death and rebirth have always occurred in all religions. religious) consciousness, which distinguishes man from the animals. But these conquests and subjugations really arise, not through the spiritual superiority of the Christian nations, but on the contrary, because on a spiritual level they are far beneath the others. And, therefore, people do not do what is most natural, possible and necessary in our times: they do not destroy the deception that resembles religion, and do not adopt and propagate the truth. At these times the educated minority, no longer believing in the existing religious teaching, simply pretend to believe in it because they find it necessary for the purpose of holding the masses to the established order of life. In the opinion of these learned people there has been a period of ignorance: the religious period which humanity outlived long ago leaving occasional atavistic indications of its existence. Since the relationship is the same for everyone, thus religion unites men. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), If religion is the establishing of a relationship between man and the universe, defining the meaning of life, then morality is the indication and explanation of those activities that automatically result when a person maintains one or other relationship to the universe. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), The essence of any religion lies solely in the answer to the question: why do I exist, and what is my relationship to the infinite universe that surrounds me? I do not seek that, nor can I, since I know the unusual nature of religious knowledge. Rome conquered the world when it had freed itself from all religions. It was impossible to avoid the fact that killing is evil and contrary to the most basic principles of any faith. On 23 September 1862, Tolstoy married Sophia Andreevna Behrs, who was sixteen years his junior and the daughter of a court physician. Union among men gives them the highest attainable well-being, on both the physical and the spiritual level. a severe struggle; for the handful of those who are really determined to do something is minute in comparison with the mass of the lukewarm (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), In the liturgy the most significant words for me were; ‘Love one another in unity.’ But further on I ignored the words: ‘We believe in the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost’, because I could not understand them. He addresses serious issues with religion without being too specific about the details of his belief. A part of the infinite. I believe quite the opposite, that to suggest that science as a whole, including philosophy can establish a relationship between man and the universe is entirely mistaken and is the main reason for the confusion that is understanding religion, science and morality that exists among the cultured strata of our society. The teaching which had promised me unity of all through one faith and through love, that very teaching, speaking through its highest representatives, told me that all these people were living a lie, that the thing which gave them strength of life was a temptation of the devil, and that it is we alone who are in possession of the only possible truth. True religion is that relationship, in accordance with reason and knowledge, which man establishes with the infinite world around him, and which binds his life to that infinity and guides his actions .. and leads to the practical rules of the law: do to others as you would have them do unto you. Leo Tolstoy - Leo Tolstoy - First publications: Concealing his identity, Tolstoy submitted Childhood for publication in Sovremennik (“The Contemporary”), a prominent journal edited by the poet Nikolay Nekrasov. So long as people do not consider all men as their brothers and do not consider human life as the most sacred thing, which rather than destroy they must consider it their first and foremost duty to support; that is so long as people do not behave towards one another in a religious manner, they will always ruin one another’s lives for the sake of personal gain. (Leo Tolstoy, 1879), Reason is the power man possesses to define his relationship to the universe. But, as always, religion remains the chief motivator and heart of human societies. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), As a result of my interest in religion, I had come into contact with believers of various denominations: Catholics, Protestants, Old Believers, Molokans, and others. intuitions of the ancient philosophers and mystics. In order to pour something into a full vessel one must first empty it of its contents. Leo Tolstoy. Tolstoy is regarded as one of the world's greatest writers and is perhaps best known for his novels War and Peace and Anna Karenina. Complete unity with the highest and most perfect reason and, thereby, perfect well-being is an ideal towards which humanity strives. There would seem to be only one question for philosophy to resolve: what must I do? They found nothing false in those doctrinal statements which seemed apparent rubbish to me. The law of human life is such that the improvement of it, whether for the individual or for society, is only possible through inner, moral perfection. The reality of miracles was admitted because they bore witness to the infallibility of the Church, and the sanctity of the Bible was agreed because it was acknowledged by the Church. Well here we have one, Leo Tolstoy, of immense intelligence and integrity, a convert to Jesus, denouncing the ways of the world and religion, and describing his reasons for conversion with all the literary power of the greatest minds. By the word science, Mr Berthelot evidently means, like all who believe in science, a science that embraces every aspect of human knowledge, harmoniously united, assessed according to its degree of importance and in command of such methods that the data obtained is indisputably true. The most important thing is that Christianity proclaims the equality of all men, no longer merely as a basic teaching of universal brotherhood, but because all men are recognised as being sons of God.It would therefore seem impossible to twist Christianity in such a way as to destroy the awareness of equality between all men. The cruelty of some people towards others will continue to increase until it has reached unprecedented dimensions. (If Buddhism does not provide a definition of God, it nevertheless recognises that with which man unites and merges as he reaches Nirvana. The idea of the individual being linked to the cosmos is expressed in the Latin root of the word religion, religare (to bind strongly). (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), It is truly desirable that moral teaching should not be adulterated by superstition, but the truth of the matter is that moral teaching is only a result of a particular relationship established between man and the universe, or God. This is the profound new way of thinking that Einstein Since the relationship is the same for everyone the establishing of it, i.e. But they fail to stand up to the critique of reason. It was now clear to me that in order for man to live he must either be unaware of the infinite, or he must have some explanation of the meaning of life by which the finite can be equated with the infinite. This God, one in three, the creation in six days, the devils and angels and all the rest that I could not accept without going mad. Myself Man Me. On the whole it has been done unconsciously, because those for whom inequality is advantageous, the rulers and the rich, have tried to justify themselves in the eyes of the new religious teaching without having to alter their own position by using every possible means to instill a meaning into the doctrine that admits rule over others to feel justified in doing so, when passed on to the masses naturally gave them the idea that their submission to their masters was demanded by the religion they professed. Firstly, that there are special people who alone can act as intermediaries between man and God, or the Gods; secondly, that miracles have been, and are being, performed which prove and confirm the truth of what the intermediaries say; and thirdly that there are certain words repeated orally or written in books which express the unwavering will of God, or the Gods, and which are sacred and infallible. And in the thing most important to him – his actions- he must not be guided by his reason but by what others tell him. Whenever any religious teaching has started becoming distorted its guardians, having already brought people to a state of weakened rational activity, have then employed every means of persuading them of what they wanted. As soon as the profound religion of Brahmanism began to grow old and fossilise in rigid, coarse forms deviating from the original meaning, there appeared on the one hand a rebirth of Brahmanism, and on the other the elevated doctrine of Buddhism, which advanced humanity’s understanding of its relationship to the infinite. After a period of heightened development religion always enters into a period of decline and death, which is usually followed by a period of regeneration and the formation of religious doctrine that is more rational and lucid than before. Tolstoy’s rejection of religious rituals—and his attacks on the role of the state and the concept of property rights—put him on a collisio… From the very earliest childhood years, the years most susceptible to suggestion, when educators cannot be careful enough about what they impart to children, they teach them the ridiculous, immoral dogmas of the so-called Christian religion, which are incompatible with reason and knowledge. Perhaps it is a surprise for some to know that Tolstoy also wrote very well on Religion and Theology, seeking to know God through truth and reason not faith nor intuition. (Leo Tolstoy, Writings on Civil Disobedience and Nonviolence, 1886). that there is an element of this divine origin in every person, which he can diminish or increase through his way of living; Today, as in the past, there are a number of different religions, because the expression of man’s relationship to the infinite, to Gods or the God, varies according to the times and according to the level of development of different peoples. No one would argue that iron-clads, railroads, printing presses, tunnels, phonographs, Rontgen rays and so forth are very fine things. The principles of this true religion are so appropriate to man that as soon as people discover them they accept them as something they have known for a long time and which stand to reason. When you know as much as possible about the whole, and about the laws of its development, you will understand your place in the whole, and your own self.’ (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions, 1882), Rational knowledge, as presented by the learned and wise, negates the meaning of life, yet the vast masses - humanity as a whole - recognise that this meaning lies in irrational knowledge. Even in the valley of the shadow of death, two and two do not make six. Tolstoy's passionate and iconoclastic writings--on issues of faith, immortality, freedom, violence, and morality--reflect his intellectual search for truth and a religion firmly grounded in reality. One section, the educated, wealthy minority, having freed themselves from the persuasion of the Church, believe in nothing because they regard every faith either as an absurdity, or as a useful means of controlling the masses. Faith is the force of life. Faith is a knowledge of the meaning of human life, the consequence of which is that man does not kill himself but lives. My Religion (1889) by Leo Tolstoy, translated by Huntington Smith. If a man lives, then he must believe in something. I know that the explanation of all things, like the origin of all things, must remain a secret of eternity. This situation and the mutual relations between the non-believing, pretentious minority, and the hypnotised majority, shapes the life of our world, which we call Christian. In all faiths man is regarded as equally insignificant before the infinite; they therefore all include the concept of equality between men in the eyes of what is called God, whether it be lightning, the wind, a tree, an animal, a hero or a King (living or dead), as occurred in Rome. ... And the cause of everything is that which we call God. in conquering the forces of human nature, been achieved as in the nineteenth century. Though Leo Tolstoy writes very eloquently about the principles of True Religion, (see below for quotations from Tolstoy's Confessions), he did not believe that our True connection to the Universe could ever be known; Science, including philosophy, cannot establish man’s relationship to the infinite universe, or towards its origin, if no other reason than that before any kind of philosophy or science could come into existence there must have been that, without which it is impossible to have any kind of mental activity, or any kind of relationship whatsoever between man and the universe. Religion is the relationship a person recognises himself to have with the external world, or with its origin and first cause, and a rational person cannot fail to have some kind of relationship to it. For example, in Kant’s Critique of Practical Reason, or in Spinoza, Schopenhauer and especially Rousseau. Thanks! He was brought up in the Russian Orthodox Christian faith, but had lost it by the time he attended university. People of today’s world cannot take enough delight in the brilliant, unprecedented and colossal achievements of nineteenth century technology. I highly recommend this book to anyone interested in philosophy and religion. Tolstoy's views were formed by rigorous study of the ministry of Jesus , particularly the Sermon on the Mount . It was admitted as lawful to have intermediaries between God and man, because the Church recognised them as such. There is not a single question which the men of our world can approach simply and straightforwardly. Therefore, until that relationship is established there is no material for philosophical investigation. Again it is absurd to suggest that man’s salvation from sin lies in baptism, or in believing that all these things actually happened, and that the son of God was killed in order to save people and that those who do not believe it will be punished by God with eternal torment. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), True religion is that relationship, in accordance with reason and knowledge, which man establishes with the infinite world around him, and which binds his life to that infinity and guides his actions. To know God and to live is the same thing. They have also led their complex, subtle and useless mental activities to such a level of unnecessary intricacy and confusion in order to conceal the evil in their lives, that the majority have entirely lost the capacity of differentiating between good and evil, falsehood and truth. My position was terrible. God is Life. Thus, while the deliberations of religious people are always simple, uncomplicated and honest, the mental activity of non-religious people is particularly subtle and extremely complex and dishonest. This explains how Matter interacts with all other Matter in the Universe, and thus provides the logical foundations for the fundamental morality of all major Religions, 'Do unto Others as you would have done unto thy Self.' God is Life. Leo Tolstoy, Russian author, a master of realistic fiction and one of the world’s greatest novelists. The acceptance of equality between all men is a necessary and fundamental characteristic of all religions. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), In contrast to what I saw happening in my own circle, where the whole of life is spent in idleness, amusement and dissatisfaction with life, I saw that those people who laboured hard throughout their entire lives were less dissatisfied with life than the rich. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions). With the help of the concept of a Church this was done to a greater extent than in any other religion. The same happened with Papal Christianity during the Middle Ages, leading to the Reformation. The extent to which the habit of violence and criminal behaviour committed under the guise of a law by the guardians of order and morality becomes ever more frequent and cruel, and is increasingly justified by the false assurances that are presented as religion, will determine the extent to which people will become more and more convinced of the idea that the law of their life does not lie in love and service to one’s neighbour, but in struggling against and devouring one another. Government is an association of men who do violence to the rest of us. – Leo Tolstoy . Using an autobiographical account, Tolstoy gets very deep into the human situation and the reasons for his own conversion. By Roza Riaikkenen . and the misguided. that there is a God who is the origin of everything; (Leo Tolstoy, 1882). On this day the sacrament of the Eucharist was performed, which I found quite incomprehensible. It was straightforwardly said against the priestly caste that none could be the teacher of another (‘Do not call yourselves fathers and teachers’). And, in the name of Christian love, Russians were killing their fellow men. In his speech Mr Berthelot says that formerly there were two principles motivating human society: force and religion. Tolstoy Calls Mormonism the "American Religion" An article published in the LDS Church magazine The Improvement Era gives another account of the conversation between Tolstoy and White.

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