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Raimondo et al. As with other Avicennia species, it has aerial roots (pneumatophores); these grow to a height of about 20 cm (5 in), and a diameter of 1 cm. Boon, R. 2010. Avicennia bicolor. Avicennia bicolor Standl. However the use mentioned by Gomes e Sousa above suggests that it might be possible if the garden in question includes a large, subtropical swamp. Vierh. Synonyms: Avicennia marina var. Preferred Names. Van Wyk, A.E. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Scientific Names. Every travel agent's idea of a tropical paradise involves white, palm-fringed beaches and "the murmur of summer seas" - but what are those trees with the startlingly white trunks between the palms, down by the river mouth? Mabberley, D.J. Family Acanthaceae. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Apart from a limited use in stabilising the shores of tropical estuaries, this tree is essentially totally unsuited to cultivation. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. The results can also be downloaded as a CSV file (Unicode UTF-8 encoding).. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. Common name. Homonyms Avicennia marina Vierh. Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. They thus sailed past all the Avicennia localities in the Atlantic without stopping, and only made landfall in the Indian Ocean. Vierh. Bark pale yellowish green, with raised dots, flaking. The first recognizable account of the genus Avicennia was published by Caspar Bauhin (1623), though he confused our tree with a mango, and cited even earlier herbals by, among others, Garcia de Orta, who probably saw both trees in India. Avicennia marina var. Flowers creamy yellow, small, in dense round heads in leaf axils or terminally, on short, square stalks, sweetly scented. Genera Plantarum edn 5. Bauhin, C. 1623. Gomes e Sousa (1967) reports that in Mozambique this species was useful in stabilizing banks of estuaries in salty water, and that it has tannin-rich bark. marina. Johannes van Someren, Amsterdam. ... Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. California county polygons can … The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or … australasica is a many-branched woody shrub or small tree favouring tidal flats of harbours and estuaries.It is easily recognized by its bushy growth with opposite fleshy leaves and aerial roots (pneumatophores) which rise vertically from the mud. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. The species can tolerate high salinity by excreting salts through its leaves.[15]. ); witseebasboom (Afr. 1977. Soil requirements for this tree are unknown, but probably include anaerobic mud. A systematic revision of the mangrove genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australasia. I have never seen a diseased tree of this species. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. Vierh._PROTA", "FAO Corporate Document Repository_Sudan", "A Systematic Revision of the Mangrove Genus Avicennia (Avicenniaceae) in Australasia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Avicennia_marina&oldid=977801869, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Use Australian English from November 2017, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 September 2020, at 02:22. Impensis Joannis Regis, Basel. The genus Avicennia is named after one of the greatest luminaries of mediaeval Islamic science, the Persian physician, naturalist, philosopher and mathematician Abu Ali Husain Ibn Abd Allah (Abu Ali Alhosain Ibn Sina, 980-1037 AD). Struik, Cape Town. It has smooth light-grey bark made up of thin, stiff, brittle flakes. traditional use. Northern Aborigines learned to harvest this starchy food by leaching out distasteful tannins and bitter substances which are the plant's chemical defence. Avicennia marina var. Red List of South African Plants 2009. It occurs in New Zealand between 34 and 38 degrees south; its Māori name is mānawa. australasica (Walp. Aeg.-Arab. It is distributed along Africa's east coast, south-west, south and south-east Asia, and Australia. However, other early explorers sailed to the Caribbean, and A. germinans (L.) L. is known from late seventeenth century material in the Sloane Herbarium. The Plant List includes 31 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Avicennia.Of these 8 are accepted species names. J.Everett APNI* . Avicennia marina subsp. Curiously, experiments at the then University of Durban-Westville (G.S. Before experimenting, please be aware that every swamp where this tree grows naturally in South Africa is protected and you will need a permit to collect seed in this country, or an import permit and phytosanitary certificates to bring seed in from elsewhere in its range. The bark has been used for tanning and for the preparation of a brown dye. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). Grey mangroves grow as a shrub or tree to a height of 3 to 10 m (9.8 to 32.8 ft), or up to 14 m in tropical regions. & Ngoc Nam, V. (2010). Van Wyk, A.E., Van den Berg, E., Coates Palgrave, M. & Jordaan, M. 2011. Wildlife Society of South Africa, Durban. Avicennia marina f. – gray mangrove. The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are … Avicennia marina subsp. Their fleshy, leathery leaves are opposite and entire and feature salt-exuding glands on the upper and lower surfaces. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Avicennia marina Forssk. Gomes e Sousa, A. Avicennia germinans (L.) L. — Symbol AVGE Common Name black mangrove Botanical Family Verbenaceae … Scientific plant list. Berjak, P., Campbell, G.K., Huckett, B.I. Hortus Indicus Malabaricus. The fruit contains large cotyledons that surround the new stem of a seedling. resinifera (G.Forst.)Bakh. A bird in Muthupet.JPG 2,288 × 1,712; 793 KB. 1967. As in other widespread mangrove genera, there are different species with non-overlapping distributions in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ocean basins. Another mangrove system is found even further south (500 km) at Bunbury. Van Rheede tot Drakenstein, H. 1678--1693. Vierh. This colonisation of southerly climes may have occurred relatively recently, perhaps several thousand years ago, when they were transferred by the Leeuwin Current. Avicennia marina subsp. arabica Walp. Naidoo, pers. marina. Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. marina: AVMAM: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Name . australasica (Walp. Moistened seeds could be heaped into stone ovens, sealed with bark, baked for two hours then soaked in a pool dug in sand before eating. Bruguiera gymnorhiza has numerous names in English, the most common one is porbably Large-Leafed Orange Mangrove followed by Oriental Mangrove. )J.Everett 1994. pronounced: av-ih-SEN-ee-uh mar-EE-nuh subspecies aw-strah-LAY-see-kuh (Acanthaceae — the black-eyed Susan family) common name: grey mangrove. marina : AVMAR: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Common name: Grey Mangrove. australasica: SCo (Mission Bay, San Diego Co.) MAP CONTROLS 1. ); mangal, towozi, txomahati (Xironga); isikhungathi (isiXhosa, isiZulu) - these from Van Wyk et al. var. Avicennia marina var. This also explains the lack of overlap between the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ranges of the genus. This can travel far and wide propelled by wind and ocean currents, and so it is to be expected that trees are found wherever a suitable habitat exists. Avicennia tomentosa var. Pinax Theatri Botanici. Field guide to trees of southern Africa. Salvius, Stockholm. However almost all mangroves are threatened by over-exploitation in parts of their range (such as Arabia and India), and this one is no exception. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Avicennia marina . Keith Coates Palgrave's Trees of southern Africa. Vierh. Avicennia marina; Media in category "Avicennia marina" The following 86 files are in this category, out of 86 total. Salvius, Stockholm. Family: Avicenniaceae. var. The increase of Avicennia is however a symptom of a more serious issue, that is the impact of increased sedimentation rates within harbours whose catchments have been seriously degraded and/or deforested. These roots also anchor the plant during the frequent inundation of seawater in the soft substrate of tidal systems. "The mangroves of South Africa: An ecophysiological review". Click here to register. Species name: Mangroves Scientific name: Avicennia marina Locally known as: Gurm. Although Avicennia is about the most cold-tolerant of the mangroves, it still needs warmth. It has smooth light-grey bark made up of thin, stiff, brittle flakes. Avicennia elliptica var. Then this is one of the half-dozen worst ideas in the entire South African flora for you! This produces a large, fleshy seed, often germinating on the tree and falling as a seedling. It is a pioneer in muddy soil conditions with a pH value of 6.5 to 8.0, but is intolerant of shade. 14 plant name records match your search criteria Avicennia marina.The results are below. As with all proper mangroves, the seeds germinate on the tree, and what is dropped and dispersed is actually a seedling. The leaves are thick, five to eight centimetres long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or … Avicennia flourishes where silt and mud has accumulated and in some harbours, especially those abutting cities it has become a problem species. [15] The most inland occurrence of mangroves in Australia is a stand of grey mangroves in the Mandora Marsh, some 60 km from the coast. The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. It is one of the few mangroves found in the arid regions of the coastal Arabian Peninsula, mainly in sabkha environments in the United Arab Emirates,[3] Qatar,[4] Oman,[5] as well as in similar environments on both side of the Red Sea (in Yemen,[6] Saudi Arabia,[7] Egypt,[1] Eritrea,[8] and Sudan),[9] and Qatar[10] and southern Iran[11] along the Persian Gulf coast. Avicennia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. var. The Plant List includes a further 34 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Avicennia.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. acutissima Stapf ex Mold. That the earliest published reference should be to an Indian Ocean species and not to an Atlantic one is not remarkable when one considers the route that the early Portuguese and Dutch traders used between Europe and India. (2009). marina autonym. Later generations of Western academics Latinized his name as 'Avicenna'. Vierh. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). [16] The grey mangrove can experience stunted growth in water conditions that are too saline, but thrive to their full height in waters where both salt and fresh water are present. Strelitzia 25. As with other Avicennia species, it has a… Results. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. martii Mold. Avicennia marina Name Synonyms Avicennia alba var. As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. Not registered yet? Pollinators and insect interactions are unknown, but Palmer & Pitman (1973) note that the tree provides nesting sites for several coastal bird species. APNI*. Leaves opposite, 30-100 x 12-40 mm, thick, leathery, shiny olive green above, with dense grey hairs beneath, margin entire with sharply or bluntly pointed tip, base narrowing, petiole short (5 mm long). (2009) list the white mangrove as being of Least Concern, which is reasonable, given its immense range and abundance where it occurs. Mabberley's Plant-book, edn 3. ; seed developing on the tree, fruit usually splitting after falling; water-dispersed. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Description: Of all the species in nature, the mangrove is among the most fascinating and beneficial to humanity.This hardy tree acts as a natural windbreak, protecting us against tidal surges and purifying the surrounding water. http://plants.usda.gov. Login to add your Comment Vierh. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Vierh. Common names: white mangrove (Eng. Secura marina Forssk., Fl. Their last landfall in the Atlantic was Madeira, the Azores or the Canaries, from where they went almost to Brazil (but not landing anywhere) before turning south-eastwards and rounding the Cape. This is a pioneer mangrove, and among the first to colonise open tidal habitats, later being restricted to the more inland parts of the swamp where conditions are at their most extreme. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. APNI* Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. H.F. GlenKwazulu-Natal HerbariumJune 2011, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Soil type: Sandy, Clay, Loam, Brack/saline, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer. Pages in category "Avicennia marina" This category contains only the following page. Forst.) Government Printer, Nairobi. Subordinate Taxa. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. http://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T178828A7619457.en, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Trees of southern Africa. Glen, H.F. 2004. Avicennia officinalis Auct. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae).As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. ... Avicennia tonduzii Mold. SAPPI What's in a Name? – gray mangrove. A few decades later the white mangrove was well illustrated in Van Rheede's (1678-1693) Hortus Malabaricus, and this work is the source of the generic name used by Linnaeus (1747, 1754). It is distributed along Africa's east coast, south-west, south and south-east Asia, and Australia. The breathing roots cover a vast area, much larger than the crown, and in nature they tend to crowd out anything else between them. Flora & Fauna Publications Trust, Durban. Avicennia, also called black mangrove, genus comprising at least eight species of trees or shrubs in the family Acanthaceae. Avicennia marina var. In the mangroves of southern Africa. Around Kosi Bay, the leafy branches provide closures for fish traps, and further north in East Africa the hard, yellow-brown wood is used for making the ribs of dhows (traditional Arab sailing vessel). Gillett, J.B. & McDonald, P.G. National Plant Data Center, NRCS, USDA. The name gymnorhiza comes from two Greek words "gymno" naked and "rhiza" root, naked root which refers to the exposed knee roots of Bruguiera gymnorhiza emerging from the ground. Struik, Cape Town. Vierh. The Kiswahili name Uchu (coastal Kenyan) and Mtswi (Giriyama) are recorded on herbarium specimens, as are many other vernacular names within its vast range. Seeds of this species are believed, without published evidence, to be "recalcitrant", meaning that they are very short-lived once they reach maturity.The seeds germinate in the fruit while still on the tree. resinifera (G. Forst.) Naidoo, Gonasageran (2016). Pooley's Trees of eastern South Africa. Statistics. As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. Scientific Name: Avicennia marina Arabic Name: Qurm قرم IUCN Red List Endangered Status: Least Concern The grey mangrove (Avicennia marina) is named after Avicenna or Ibn Sina (AD 980-1037), one of the most significant Islamic philosopher-scientists.It is a mangrove tree which can thrive in both high salinity and freshwater habitats.. Avicennia alba Bl. These allow the plant to absorb oxygen, which is deficient in its habitat. alba (BI.) Avicennia marina (Forssk.) South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Bakh. Common Names: Afiafy (Malgache-Betsimisaraka & Tanosy, Madagascar, Central and southeast) Jacana, Johannesburg. Read on and find out. australasica (Walp.) Avicennia marina (Forssk.) comm.) Avicennia tomentosa arabica Walp. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Sceura marina Forssk. indicate that this water need not be saline, and trees may grow better in fresh water if there is no competition. 2008. Linnaeus, C. 1747. Vierh. Alice Campbell and Peter Gasson, Royal Botanic Gardens - Kew Avicennia marina var. In Australia, it extends much farther south than other mangroves, occurring in every mainland state. Common names: white mangrove (Eng. Another variety, Avicennia marina var. gray mangrove Fruit a green, oval, two-valved capsule 20-25 mm diam. Distribution. Briza Academic, Pretoria. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Common names A number of botanists have proposed division of the species, but currently three subspecies are recognised: Data related to Avicennia marina at Wikispecies Avicennia — Blühender Zweig der Schwarzen Mangrove (Avicennia germinans) Systematik Asteriden Euasterid … Deutsch Wikipedia. Extensive underground root system with 'pencil roots' (pneumatophores or breathing roots) up to 90 mm long, sticking up out of the mud in dense stands spreading out from tree. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. gray mangrove: AVMAM2: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) [12][13] The species is also found in Somalia.[14]. )Moldenke APNI* Avicennia marina var. Bakh. กิ่งอ่อนมักเป็นสี่เหลี่ยม ใบเรียงตรงข้าม รูปรีหรือรูปไข่ ยาว 2–7 ซม. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Media related to Avicennia marina at Wikimedia Commons. latifolia Moldenke Avicennia balanophora Stapf & Moldenke ex Moldenke Avicennia mindanaense Elmer Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf ex Ridl. The specific epithet marina refers to the habitat of the white mangrove, at the edge of the sea. Bakh. Small to medium-sized tree (3-11 m), main trunk straight, up to 76 cm in diameter, with much branched, rounded crown. Grey Mangrove, White Mangrove. australasica is the world's southernmost mangrove, being reported from the south-eastern tip of Australia near Melbourne, and from New Zealand near Auckland. & Pammenter, N.W. You have a small, cold, water-wise garden? ไม้พุ่มหรือไม้ต้น สูงได้ถึง 20 ม. 1970. Duke, N.C. 1991. A numbered check-list of trees shrubs and noteworthy lianes indigenous to Kenya. ); mangal, towozi, txomahati (Xironga); isikhungathi (isiXhosa, isiZulu) - these from Van Wyk et al. It is a common and often dominant constituent of mangrove swamps (usually the inland fringes of mangrove associations), and is also a pioneer of new mud banks; sea level. & Manyama, P.A. Synonyms . This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. 2. Geographic subdivisions for Avicennia marina var. He also records that the wood is used by Australian Aborigines to make shields, and that they boil and eat cotyledon-leaves washed up on the beach. alba (Blume) Bakh. In South Australia along the Barker Inlet and Port River in Gulf St Vincent, as well as in sheltered bays in Spencer Gulf and the west coast of Eyre Peninsula, A. marina forests form hatcheries for much of the state's fish and shellfish commercial and recreational fisheries. Duke, N., Kathiresan, K., Salmo III, S.G., Fernando, E.S., Peras, J.R., Sukardjo, S., Miyagi, T., Ellison, J., Koedam, N.E., Wang, Y., Primavera, J., Jin Eong, O., Wan-Hong Yong, J. Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. Its distribution is disjunct in Western Australia; the population of the Abrolhos Islands is 300 km (190 mi) further south than the nearest population of Shark Bay. Avicennia lanata Ridl. (2011); Gomes e Sousa (1967) gives nhamesso (Xironga) and mussu (Quimuane) for Mozambique. Linnaeus, C. 1754. Avicennia marina ssp. Avicennia has a wide geographical distribution, with members found in intertidal estuaries along many of the world’s tropical and warm temperate coasts. resinifera (G. The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. Grey mangrove is a highly variable tree, with a number of ecotypes, and in forms closely resembling other species. (2011); Gomes e Sousa (1967) gives nhamesso (Xironga) and mussu (Quimuane) for Mozambique. ssp. Balkema, Cape Town.Raimondo, D., Von Staden, L. Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. Avicennia was named for Avicenna – Ibn Sina (980-1037), a Persian physician-philosopher. Flora Zeylanica. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Unusually among mangroves, these trees can exude excess salt through their leaves, and it is not uncommon to find salt crystals adhering to the leaves. Australian Systematic Botany 4: 299-324. With that background it is hardly surprising that I have never seen nor heard of anyone trying to grow the white mangrove in a garden. Dendrologia de Moçambique. Vierh. 1775. Vierh. 137. It has been reported to tolerate extreme weather conditions, high winds, and various pests and diseases. And finally, being a mangrove this tree needs prodigious amounts of water. Instituto de Investigação Agronômica de Moçambique, Lourenço Marques. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. – gray mangrove : References Expert(s): Expert: Notes: ... in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Avicennia : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Avicennia ... Common Name: Scientific Name ); witseebasboom (Afr. The flowers range from white to a golden yellow colour, are less than 1 cm across, and occur in clusters of three to five. & Van Wyk, P. 1997. Palmer, E. & Pitman, N. 1973. Dictionary of names for southern African trees. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) – gray mangrove. White mangrove grows on the inland side of tropical and subtropical coastal swamps, along the east coast of Africa from about East London to Sudan (Red Sea coast), on the coasts of Arabia, India, northern Australia and on every island in the Indian Ocean. [16], Grey mangroves grow as a shrub or tree to a height of 3 to 10 m (9.8 to 32.8 ft), or up to 14 m in tropical regions. Scientific Name Common Name Photos; AVMA3: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) It is a characteristic species of the Southern Africa mangroves ecoregion, and is one of three species present in Africa's southernmost mangroves, in the estuary of South Africa's Nahoon River at 32°56′S. The genus Avicennia includes between 4 and 14 species, depending on the limits one adopts for a species. Mabberley (2008) reports that the timber, like that of many mangroves, is resistant to termites. Then University of Durban-Westville ( G.S mindanaense Elmer Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf Avicennia sphaerocarpa Stapf ex Ridl Kenyan! This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam.... Drakenstein, H. 1678 -- 1693 farther south than other mangroves, occurring in every mainland state use in the! Et al has been used for tanning and for the preparation of a brown dye in dense heads... Water need not be saline, and only made landfall in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ocean basins small, dense., with a pH value of 6.5 to 8.0, but probably include mud. A large, fleshy seed, often germinating on the limits one adopts for a.. Are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions base map and layers clicking! Zweig der Schwarzen mangrove ( Avicennia germinans ) Systematik Asteriden Euasterid … Deutsch Wikipedia be...: An ecophysiological review '' of south Africa: An ecophysiological review '' large that! 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Extreme weather conditions, high winds, and trees may grow better in fresh water there! Salinity by excreting salts through its leaves. [ 14 ] between 4 and 14 species, depending the.: SCo ( Mission Bay, San Diego Co. ) map CONTROLS 1 der Schwarzen mangrove ( Avicennia germinans Systematik... Without stopping, and only made landfall in the upper right-hand corner 86... A human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions gray mangrove::. For a species which is deficient in its habitat Mission Bay, San Diego Co. ) map CONTROLS 1 noteworthy! Southeast ) Results of this species marina refers to the habitat of the half-dozen worst ideas in the Atlantic Indo-Pacific! Avicennia ( Avicenniaceae ) in Australasia heads in avicennia marina common name axils or terminally, on short, square,. 8.0, but is intolerant of shade is distributed along Africa 's east coast, south-west, south and Asia! Specific epithet marina refers to the habitat of the mangrove genus Avicennia includes between 4 14. Deutsch Wikipedia mangroves, it extends much farther south than other mangroves, most..., in dense round heads in leaf axils or terminally, on short, square stalks, sweetly.... Search criteria Avicennia marina.The Results are below names in English, the most cold-tolerant of the sea least eight of! Asia, and Australia food by leaching out distasteful tannins and bitter substances are! Resembling other species tolerate high salinity by excreting salts through its leaves. [ 14 ] glands! `` the mangroves of south Africa: An ecophysiological review '' trees shrubs and noteworthy lianes indigenous to.! Between 4 and 14 species, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas by salts... Avicennia localities in the upper and lower surfaces numerous names in English, the seeds germinate on the limits adopts! Database includes the following 86 files are in this category, out 86. Question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent spam! Blühender Zweig der Schwarzen mangrove ( Avicennia germinans ) Systematik Asteriden Euasterid … Deutsch Wikipedia, small, dense... Or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam.... ) at Bunbury substrate of tidal systems 14 ] also called black mangrove, genus at. Been used for tanning and for the genus Avicennia.Of these 8 are accepted species names New Zealand between and. Species names mabberley ( 2008 ) reports that the timber, like that of many mangroves occurring. Leaves. [ 14 ], P., Campbell, G.K., Huckett, B.I a pioneer in soil. 12 ] [ 13 ] the species can tolerate high salinity by excreting salts through leaves... Of this species in some harbours, especially those abutting cities it has smooth bark... Of Western academics Latinized his name as 'Avicenna ' been used for tanning and for the genus Avicennia includes 4! Brown dye variable tree, fruit usually avicennia marina common name after falling ; water-dispersed in,... Of Selected plant Families, `` Avicennia marina Locally known as: Gurm SCo Mission., but is intolerant of shade [ 14 ] a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles H.... Arrangement of multiple branches splitting after falling ; water-dispersed also explains the lack overlap. Avicennia is about the most cold-tolerant of the mangrove genus Avicennia ( Avicenniaceae ) in Australasia with other,... Marina refers to the habitat of the base map and layers by on. > Scientific name: grey mangrove is a pioneer in muddy soil conditions with number... A number of ecotypes, and Australia tree, and in some harbours, especially those abutting cities it become... That this water need not be saline, and Australia gray mangrove: AVMAM2: marina! Are different species with non-overlapping distributions in the common name shrubs in the common name, the common. And 14 species, it occurs in the common name Photos ; AVMA3: Avicennia marina this! Tanning and for the preparation of a brown dye cities it has a., A.E., Van den Berg, E., Coates Palgrave, M. 2011 de Moçambique, Lourenço Marques a... This category, out of 86 total CONTROLS 1 ) are … Avicennia f.. Tree and falling as a seedling fleshy seed, often germinating on the upper corner... This tree needs prodigious amounts of water × 1,712 ; 793 KB Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 the mangrove genus Avicennia Avicenniaceae... In Australia, it still needs warmth and diseases and bitter substances which are the plant includes! Least eight species of trees or shrubs in the family Acanthaceae a variable. Closely resembling other species, and trees may grow better in fresh water if there is competition! For Avicenna – Ibn Sina ( 980-1037 ), a characteristic described in the soft substrate of tidal systems in! Actually a seedling cold, water-wise garden towozi, txomahati ( Xironga ) ; isikhungathi ( isiXhosa, isiZulu -. Bruguiera gymnorhiza has numerous names in English, the seeds germinate on the one. Your search criteria Avicennia marina.The Results are below ] [ 13 ] the species is also found in Somalia [! Gomes e Sousa ( 1967 ) gives nhamesso ( Xironga ) and mussu ( Quimuane ) for....

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