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A catalogue of the family Drosophilidae in Taiwan (Diptera). Red, yellow and black traps were preferable over clear or white, but there was an interaction between the trap colour and the crop type. The SWD flies have brownish-yellow thorax, black stripes across the abdomen, and distinct red eyes. Adults: Florida is home to at least 27 addiional Drosophila spp. A preliminary report on Drosophila fauna of Islamabad (Capital, Pakistan). http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/EXOTIC/drosophila.html, Cha DH, Adams T, Rogg H, Landolt PJ, 2012. Drosophila suzukii. Annals of Agrarian Science. of coldest month < 0°C, mean warmest month > 10°C), Continental climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Flies emerge in spring, but some adults may be active during warm winter days. D. suzukii belongs to the melanogaster species group of the subgenus Sophophora. Infestations of the Spotted Wing Drosophila fly (Diptera: Drosophilidae; SWD), an exotic pest, were found in Oregon fruits. Genetics Research, 92:25-38, Lue ChiaHua, Mottern JL, Walsh GC, Buffington ML, 2017. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of Calcutta, 40:19-26, Siozios S, Cestaro A, Kaur R, Pertot I, Rota-Stabelli O, Anfora G, 2013. Journal of Pest Science. Abstract. First detection and widespread distribution of the spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), in Connecticut in 2011. (2006) and van der Linde and Houle (2008), instead supported D. subpulchrella as the sister species of D. suzukii (with D. biarmipes being the sister species of D. subpulchrella + D. suzukii). Distribution, abundance and host association of two parasitoid species attacking frugivorous drosophilid larvae in central Japan. Mortelmans J, Casteels H, Beliën T, 2012. For short-residual insecticides, evening applications may be recommended. Nils Hiebert, Tessa Carrau, Merle Bartling, Andreas Vilcinskas, Kwang-Zin Lee, Identification of entomopathogenic bacteria associated with the invasive pest Drosophila suzukii in infested areas of Germany, Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 10.1016/j.jip.2020.107389, (107389), (2020). Terra Trentina, 58:47-53, Grassi A, Pallaoro M, 2012. J. The fruit fly D. suzukii is a fruit crop pest and is a serious economic threat to soft summer fruit. Rome, Italy: FAO, Isaacs R, Hahn N, Tritten B, Garcia-Salazar C, 2010. EPPO Reporting Service. The pupae are spindle-shaped, reddish-brown and bear two stalks with small finger-like projections, 3.5 mm long and 1.2 mm wide). Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura, 1931) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), a new invasive pest in Serbia. h�bbd```b``��S�l{ɞ"����/�\�]"Y�����X�������O��3 �� Draft genome of the Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila suzukii. There are 3000 species of Drosophila, commonly known as vinegar flies, … D. suzukii has been reared from rotting strawberry guava fruits (Psidium cattleianum) collected from trees and on the ground (Kido et al., 1996). Larvae emerge milky white with visible internal organs and blac… Journal of Economic Entomology. Distribution and seasonal occurrence of cherry drosophila Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) injurious to blueberry in Chiba Prefecture. Terra Trentina, 55(10):19-23, Gueguen G, Rajwani R, Paddibhatla I, Morales J, Govind S, 2011. However, the adult males differ from other native Drosophila males in that they possess a dark spot along the front edge of the wing near the … Spotted wing Drosophila Drosophila suzukii Spotted wing Drosophila (Drosophila suzukii) is an insect pest.It is a native of Asia and was first detected in California in 2008. NPPO., The Netherlands: National Plant Protection Organization. By late 2013, only eight US states were not invaded by D. suzukii: Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota and Wyoming (Burrack et al., 2012). If there is no suitable fruit available, then D. suzukii will attack damaged or deteriorating fruit (Kanzawa, 1935; Lee et al., 2011). Insects and Mites. h�b``a``������W�A�X؀�v�k``�A�b`Tp8dd"Z29�� �Y Ո�i�r e�,d��@� db�n(4`9���!��t��C��s�2�X��7�@�]P���Ȱ`0Թ��;���S�\w��Т�6�%���a�9Ih�} ����y�P)���A�7 l�0� 50 (1), 197-200. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Premiers dégâts observés sur cerises.) In California alone, the estimated decrease of the gross revenue due to D. suzukii infestation in the absence of management has been estimated at 37% for raspberry and 20% for processed strawberries (Goodhue et al., 2011). Biology and management of spotted wing drosophila on small and stone fruits. Improved estimation of the seasonal phenology of D. suzukii has been obtained by adding wine and sugar to ACV (Grassi and Maistri, 2013). Bulletin E3140, Julian J, Strik B, Yang W, 2011. It has also been introduced into North America and Europe. 59 (64(1)), 127-133. http://www.pestalert.org/oprDetail.cfm?oprID=417, NAPPO, 2011. Infos-Ctifl, No.279:45-52, Wilson HE, Hamby KA, Zalom FG, 2013. While parasitization by L. heterotoma induced a decrease in the number of circulating haemocytes in D. melanogaster, it led to a large increase in the total haemocyte counts of D. suzukii (Poyet et al., 2013). D. suzukii is an economically damaging pest because the females are able to infest thin-skinned fruits before harvest and the larvae destroy the fruit pulp by feeding. 192 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<311ACCD61E08D44A82FA16D765452465>]/Index[155 68]/Info 154 0 R/Length 149/Prev 655778/Root 156 0 R/Size 223/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Drosophila suzukii attacking commercial fruit in Western USA were confirmed by an Oregon Department of Agriculture pest alert (ODA 2009). IOBC/WPRS Bulletin. In blueberry production the few available insecticides for the control of D. suzukii have provided protection against infestation, but the need for repeated treatments with limited insecticide options increases the chance of resistance developing in the future (Van Timmeren and Isaacs, 2013). Wounding through egg-laying, larval feeding inside the pulp and secondary microbial infections can lead to a total loss of the harvest. D. suzukii development is fostered by widespread cultivation of susceptible crops (mainly soft fruits and cherry) (Lee et al., 2011; Bellamy et al., 2013), distribution of cultivated land at different altitudes (offering a differentiated and extended fruit ripening period), proximity of forests and uncultivated or marginal areas with susceptible wild fruits. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Developing Drosophila suzukii management program for sweet cherry in western United Sates. New pests of the small fruits in Trentino. 0.5 – 1 mm diameter holes should be drilled in the side in order to enable the flies to enter. It infests ripening cherries throughout the state and ripening raspberry, blackberry, blueberry, and strawberry crops, especially in coastal areas. Explain your … Using volunteer-based networks to track Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) an invasive pest of fruit crops. Drosophila suzukii, a fruit fly, also known as spotted wing drosophila, is a highly polyphagous invasive pest endemic to South East Asia, which has recently invaded western countries. The occasional lack of wing black spots in teneral male D. suzukii could lead to misidentification with other closely related Drosophila species whose males do not have spots on the wing, including: D. ashburneri Tsacas, D. immacularis Okada, D. lucipennis Lin, D. mimetica Bock and Wheeler, D. oshimai Choo and Nakamura and D. unipectinata Duda. 70 (4), 225-230. http://www.fruits-journal.org/articles/fruits/abs/2015/04/fruits150016-s/fruits150016-s.html DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015016, Burrack H J, Smith J P, Pfeiffer D G, Koeher G, Laforest J, 2012. Hamby et al. Males are always active, but females are passive. 30 (1), 35-40. Non-commercially marketed fallen fruit or damaged fruit of the following plant hosts may also be attacked: Prunus persica, Malus pumila var. Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Europe: geographic distribution, biology and economic impact three years after detection. Click to download a PDF version of this publication. HTTP://www.scielo.br/rbent, Vogt H, Baufeld P, Gross J, Kopler K, Hoffmann C, 2012. Sex-specific expression of a Hox gene associated with rapid morphological evolution. Malathion, bifenthrin and spinetoram also provided high mortality levels when D. suzukii adults were exposed to one-day field aged residue (Bruck et al., 2011; Beers et al., 2011). Associations of yeasts with spotted-wing Drosophila (Drosophila suzukii; Diptera: Drosophilidae) in cherries and raspberries. (La drosophile du cerisier, un nouveau ravageur dans nos cultures fruitieres.) However, the active ingredients are not very persistent. 46:164-166, Schawaroch V, 2002. Drosophilid fauna of six regions near the demilitarized zone in Korea. Isabella in a private garden in Nova Gorica. These findings suggest the possibility of control of D. suzukii based on pathogens. EPPO (online). Detection of larvae inside the fruits can also be performed by immersion of fruit samples in sugar or salt solution. ], No.1001:147-152. http://www.actahort.org/books/1001/1001_15.htm, Kopp A, True JR, 2002. Mitsui et al. Protezione delle Colture, No.2:108, Parchami-Araghi Mehrdad, Ebrahim Gilasian, Ali Akbar Kayhanian, 2015. Fruit infestation symptoms are described by Walton et al. Spotted Wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) a new fruit pest of concern especially for strawberry, blackberry and blueberry growers. : Drosophilidiae), an invasive fruit pest new to the Middle East and Iran. Key words: spotted wing drosophila, cherry fruit fly, invasive species, berry fruit, insect control. abanowska BH, Piotrowski W, 2015. PQR database. Drosophilidae (Diptera) in Myanmar (Burma) VII. Van Timmeren and Isaacs (2013) reported that its effectiveness dropped quickly over time because of its sensitiveness to breakdown from exposure to ultraviolet light. In 1980 it was collected in Hawaii without any report of it causing economic damage. Invasive drosophilid pests Drosophila suzukii and Zaprionus indianus (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Veracruz, Mexico. (Prvi nalaz Drosophila suzukii (Matsumara, 1931) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) u Hrvatskoj.). The spotted wing drosophila fly, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura, 1931) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), is a pest which caused serious crop losses to soft-skinned fruits such as cherries, strawberries, and grapes. Grassi A, Pallaoro M, 2012. It is probable that the European-wide strain of L. heterotoma has more effective venom, or that the strain of L. heterotoma used in the original study had lost its ability to develop on D. suzukii because of continued laboratory rearing on D. melanogaster. 222 0 obj <>stream 2009). Journal of Pest Science. Preliminary laboratory studies with O. insidiosus (Walsh et al., 2011), O. laevigatus and O. maiusculus (V. Malagnini, personal comm.) Herein, we report the first records of D. Due to the ability of D. suzukii to move up to several kilometers from infested fields, it is essential that management practices are carried out over a wide area (EPPO, 2013a). The establishment of D. suzukii in more northern regions, where there are harsh winters, is likely to depend on the presence of favourable overwintering sites that are generally associated with human habitation (Dalton et al., 2011; EPPO, 2013a). Spotted Wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsurmura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), a fruit pest new to North America Gary J. Steck, Gary.Steck@FreshFromFlorida.com, Taxonomic Entomologist, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry Wayne Dixon, … Journal of Economic Entomology, 106(4):1932-1937, Andreazza F, Haddi K, Oliveira E E, Ferreira J A M, 2016. In addition, the fast generation turnover of D. suzukii requires many chemical interventions at the ripening stage, which can increase the risk of residues in fruits, promote insect resistance and negatively affect pollinators and other beneficial species. Spotted wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Insecta: Diptera: Drosophilidae). Pupal parasitoids seem less susceptible to the high hemocyte levels of D. suzukii and they appear to have the highest potential for use in biocontrol of D. suzukii (Kacsoh and Schlenke, 2012). SWD is widespread throughout all the important production regions in the U.S., Europe and South America and originates from Asia. Drosophila suzukii, or spotted wing Drosophila, recorded in Southeastern Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Entomological News, 123(1):71-75, Fuyama Y, 1979. The fly response to the combination of vinegar and wine was greater than the response to acetic acid or the combination of acetic acid and ethanol, which are the principal volatile chemical components of vinegar and wine respectively (Landolt et al. Production in these three states could sustain $511 million in damages annually because of D. suzukii (Bolda et al., 2010). 22 (5), 776-778, 782. It is a single taxonomic entity. [Distribution map]. The eggs of D. suzukii have two respiratory appendages but this character is not species-specific. Physical crop protection by using anti-insect nets are under experimental evaluation and seem to be a promising alternative control strategies for use in the near future (Ioriatti et al., 2012). > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. http://www.eppo.int/QUARANTINE/Alert_List/insects/drosophila_suzukii.htm, EPPO, 2013. 2013). Annual Report of the Kanto-Tosan Plant Protection Society, No.52:99-101, Kehrli P, Hohn H, Baroffio C, Fischer S, 2012. According to the degree-day model developed by Coop (2010), D. suzukii is estimated to carry out 3 to 9 generations per year in the West United States, Canada and northern Italy. San Giuliano Terme, Pisa, Italy: Felici Editore, Ros Gde, Anfora G, Grassi A, Ioriatti C, 2013. First finding of Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Apulia, Italy, and its population dynamics throughout the year. This paper reports the first confirmed incidence of this berry fruit pest in Slovenia in early October 2010, infesting vines of fox grape (Vitis labrusca) cv. Key to Identifying spotted-wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (PDF) Susceptibility of small fruit and cherries to SWD (PDF) PUBLICATION. Drosophila suzukii. Genome of Drosophila suzukii, the Spotted Wing Drosophila. SWD is widespread throughout all the important production regions in the U.S., … Spotted wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii, is a major worldwide crop pest of various soft-skinned fruits (1). (De suzuki-fruitvlieg drosophila suzukii, een nieuwe plaag op fruit in nederland.) Drosophila suzukii. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 114(3):329-337. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.4289/0013-8797.114.3.329, Mandrin JF, Weydert C, Trottin-Caudal Y, 2010. Journal International des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin, 46(2):145-147, Saguez J, Lasnier J, Vincent C, 2013. Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae): a pest species new to Belgium. Female adult longevity ranged from 35 days at 10°C to 2 days at 30°C (Tochen et al., 2014). Drosophila suzukiiadults are small (3–4 mm) yellowish-brown flies with red eyes. It was first recorded as invasive in Hawaii in 1980 and then simultaneously in California and in Europe in 2008. Belgian Journal of Zoology, 142(2):143-146, NAPPO, 2010. DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. (2010) assumed that the males which were emerging in those experimental conditions were rendered sterile and were unable to mate successfully with emerged females. http://www.eppo.int/, EPPO, 2014. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 48(1):87-92, Kawase S, Uchino K, 2005. 98 (3), 987-988. http://www.bioone.org/loi/flen DOI:10.1653/024.098.0332, Lavrinienko A, Kesäniemi J, Watts P C, Serga S, Pascual M, Mestres F, Kozeretska I, 2017. By the time D. suzukii was detected in both Europe and USA it had already established itself to such an extent that eradication was deemed impossible in both continents (EPPO, 2013). Identification and field evaluation of fermentation volatiles from wine and vinegar that mediate attraction of spotted wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii. The adults have a pale bro… University of California - IPM online. D. suzukii gathers on fruit that have dropped onto the ground and are spoiled or fermented. Bionomics of the cherry drosophila, Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Fukushima Prefecture [Honshu]. The Drosophila suzukii can be controlled with insecticides (Spinosad / Tracer) 4, but these – due to the risk of remaining residues on the grapes – cannot be used in the last moment of the ripening phase, or are toxic to beneficial insects such as bees. Native to East Asia, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) has been a major invasive pest of soft-and thin-skinned fruits since it was first detected in 2008 in North America and Europe [1,2,3] and has been found recently in South America [4,5]. The oviposition scar exposes the fruit to secondary attack by pathogens and other insects, which may cause rotting (Hauser et al., 2009; Walton et al., 2010). (Drosophila suzukii: valutazione di agrofarmaci e analisi sul corretto posizionamento in campo.) Susceptibility of Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae) to entomophatogenic fungi. Explain your judgement (edit in the part justification) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 62(1):214-223, Yu D, Zalom FG, Hamby KA, 2013. D. suzukii has been reported to vector yeasts and bacteria (Hamby et al., 2012; DAFF, 2013). The presence of Drosophila suzukii in grape fruits in the Veronese. (2013) reported dawn and dusk as the most active periods. The wing spots of D. subpulchrella are particularly similar in shape and position to those of D. suzukii. ؖ@)U"��A��=B\�"��=�a��l`3@$'�m���`v�d��f��]�g��t�� �G-�i�C�zd�� �� 89 (3), 735-748. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10340-016-0755-6 DOI:10.1007/s10340-016-0755-6. Spotted-wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) is a pest of small fruits and cherries. First finding of Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Apulia, Italy, and its population dynamics throughout the year. Grant, UC Cooperative Extension, San Joaquin County Credit: Michelle Bui, UC San Diego. 61 (1), 73-80. http://actazool.nhmus.hu/61/1/ActaZH_2015_Vol_61_1_73.pdf. Taxonomy and phylogeny of Leptopilina species (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Figitidae) attacking frugivorous drosophilid flies in Japan, with description of three new species. Spotted Wing Drosophila in Ontario. Journal of Natural History, 41(25/28):1731-1738, Mitsui H, Beppu K, Kimura MT, 2010. Drosophila Information Service, 40:44, Parshad R, Paika IJ, 1965. Drosophila suzukii new pest in Poland. Spinosyns, formulated as a bait, are also available for both conventional and organic fruit production, but are not highly effective for D. suzukii (Walsh et al., 2011). Kiss B, Lengyel G, Nagy Z, Kárpáti Z, 2013. Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum, 30(3/4):345-372, Linde Kvan der, Houle D, 2008. 165-170. https://www.iobc-wprs.org/members/shop_en.cfm?mod_Shop_detail_produkte=169. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 58(4):371-375. Adam Bourne, Michelle T Fountain, Herman Wijnen, Bethan Shaw, Potential of the European earwig (Forficula auricularia) as a biocontrol agent of the soft and stone fruit pest Drosophila suzukii, Pest Management Science, 10.1002/ps.5459, 75, 12, (3340-3345), (2019). First records of the potential pest species Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Europe. A four-component synthetic attractant for Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) isolated from fermented bait headspace. Inf. 179-186. The efficacy of these pesticides against D. suzukii is lower than organophosphates and pyrethroids. GBR-31/1, Rome, Italy: FAO. Mating of new adults can happen any time of the day, but it can be observed more often during the day when the temperature is relatively high. Due to its high reproductive capacity and dispersal abilities of this pest, early warning systems should be considered vital in areas currently free of D. suzukii. http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/insects/drosophila.html, Ometto L, Cestaro A, Ramasamy S, Grassi A, Revadi S, Siozios S, Moretto M, Fontana P, Varotto C, Pisani D, Dekker T, Wrobel N, Viola R, Pertot I, Cavalieri D, Blaxter M, Anfora G, Rota-Stabelli O, 2013. Proceedings for the conference, Hohenheim, Germany, 20-22 February 2012. The suzuki-fruit fly Drosophila suzukii, a new pest of fruit in the Netherlands.

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