sarus crane iucn
Because of predation of both eggs and young chicks, the breeding success rate for sarus cranes is estimated at only 20%. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) status:… Downloaded from A review of the three subspecies of Sarus Cranes Grus antigone. Mortality of Sarus Cranes (Grus antigone() due to electricity lines in Uttar Pradesh, India. Key facts: Already extinct in Bhutan and Myanmar. Recommended citation Please do not substitute this template. It is the tallest flying bird, and can grow to 1.8 m (5.9 ft) tall. Sundar, K. S. G.; Choudhury, B. C. 2003. 2005. In India, sarus cranes occur mostly outside protected areas and use these unprotected areas for feeding and breeding. IUCN Status: Vulnerable. Evidence indicates a decline in their overall population primarily due to the habitat loss and the ongoing conversion of wetlands to agricultural uses. Mated pairs establish a nesting territory and build a large nest in a wet marsh or paddy field. It puts everything you need for an amazing Zoo experience right into the palm of your hand! After they fledge they remain with their parents until the next breeding season and then disperse. According to the IUCN, they have been categorized as “vulnerable”. Their numbers are declining due to habitat destruction or conversion for agriculture or shrimp farming, hunting, pollution and collecting of eggs, chicks and adult birds for food, medicine and the pet trade. Grus antigone. Meine, C. D. and Archibald, G. W. 1996. For over 40 years, the eastern sarus crane, which is assessed as vulnerable to extinction on the IUCN Red List, was thought to be extinct in Thailand due to habitat loss and damage to its natural habitat. Protected area plans for Sarus Crane reserve at Kampong Trach (KH040) take shape. Get the FREE Denver Zoo app today, and be a pro the next time you visit the Zoo. Garnett, S. T.; Crowley, G. M. 2000. They are considered sacred and the birds are traditionally left unharmed, and in many areas they are unafraid of humans. SubSpecies: Grus antigone antigone (Indian Sarus), Grus antigone sharpii (Eastern Sarus), Grus antigone gilla (Australian Sarus) Fertilizers for crops have been consumed by cranes which often result in death. 2001. 2009. Australian Govt - Action Plan for Australian Birds 2000 - Recovery Outline for. The adult birds have light grey plumage covering their bodies and black-tipped wings. In India, the bird is mainly found in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and northeast. The female lays a clutch of one or two eggs and both parents share incubation duties – females at night and males during the day. Dancing is not just a mating behavior. POPULATION: ~ 15,000 – 20,000. It has a predominantly grey plumage with a naked red head and upper neck and pale red legs. Juveniles have darker gray body feathers and buff colored feathers on the head. Local traditions and religious beliefs protect these birds in some parts of their range. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K. Evans, T.; van Zalinge, R.; Hong Chamnan; Seng Kim Hout. Sarus cranes are monogamous mating for life. Newly hatched chicks are well developed when they hatch and they are immediately able to follow the adults around the shallows until they develop flight feathers at two to four months of age. The Sarus crane is the tallest flying bird in the world standing 152-156 cm tall with a wingspan of 240cm. Sundar, K. S. G.; Kaur, J.; Choudhury, B. C. 2000. Kaur, J.; Nair, A.; Choudhury, B. C. 2008. Wetland International - China Office. Sarus cranes are usually seen in pairs or family groups. IUCN Status: Vulnerable; Protected Under: Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I; Habitat: It is mainly a freshwater species, and found in lakes, rivers, and marshes. Newsletter of China Ornithological Society 15(2): 29. Sarus cranes are the largest of all the crane species and the tallest flying bird alive today. Are rice paddies suboptimal breeding habitat for Sarus Cranes in Uttar Pradesh, India? The action plan for Australian birds 2000. Females are smaller, growing to about 35-40kg, while the males grow bigger, up to 40-45kg. Birds including crows and kites prey on eggs; dingos, foxes or feral dogs prey on chicks. Wetland habitats including marshes, swamps and flooded fields. Sarus cranes lay bright white eggs. The cranes - status survey and conservation action plan. At present, success stories for endangered species are too rare globally. Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001). It is estimated that only 15-20,000 sarus cranes are left – which is less than 5% of the number of cranes in 1850. Uttar Pradesh: an unlikely Shangri-La. Photo Ark Home Indochinese Sarus Crane | National Geographic Society Anon. Environmental Conservation 32: 260-269. Oryx 42(3): 452-455. Summary; Text account; Data table and detailed info; ... more information about the Red List categories and criteria Justification of Red List category This crane is listed as Vulnerable because it is suspected to have suffered a rapid population decline, ... Palearctic IUCN … They used to be found on occasion in Pakistan, but have not been seen there since the late 1980s. Nests may be reused year after year. The IUCN Red List describes this species as Vulnerable. Sarus Crane. HEIGHT: ~ 176 cm, 5.8 – 6 ft. There are also specific estimates of this species in these regions: India, Nepal and Pakistan - 8,000-10,000 cranes; Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam - 800-1,000 cranes, Myanmar – 500-800 cranes and 10,000 breeding adults in Australia. Chicks and juvenile cranes make a low clear “peep” which is repeated at short intervals. Sundar, K. S. G. 2008. 2009. The light color of the eggs might help deflect heat from sunlight. A note on Sarus Crane Grus antigone mortality due to collision with high-tension power lines. Australian Govt - Action Plan for Australian Birds 2000 - Recovery Outline for Grus antigone gillae. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 98: 108-110. Protection of these beautiful birds is difficult because it often requires the cooperation of many countries. Indian Birds 2(6): 168-169. 2003. Grant, J.D. “Dhanauri is part of the sarus crane belt connecting with Mainpuri and Etawah. Khacher, L. 2006. GA This article has been rated as GA-Class on the project's quality scale. Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of the Sarus crane is 19,000-21,800 individuals, including 13,000-15,000 mature individuals. Downloaded from 2006. ICF Bugle 34(2): 6. In the wild: Frogs, lizards, grasshoppers, seeds, grains, cereal crops like rice, insects, aquatic plants, fish, water snakes and eggs of other birds. Antigone antigone (Sarus Crane) is a species of birds in the family cranes. Sundar, K. S. G. 2009. The Indian Sarus Crane Grus a. antigone: a literature review. Sarus Crane. Living primarily on the Indian sub-continent, there is also a subspecies in Northern Australia, undoubtedly resulting from a … Archibald, G. W.; Sundar, K. S. G.; Barzen, J. Sarus cranes have the loudest and most shrill call of the cranes. The Sarus Crane is the tallest flying bird in the world and was declared as the state bird of Uttar Pradesh (UP) in 2014. They have a wingspan of 8.5 feet (2.6 m). Journal of Ecological Society 16: 5-15. Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species, International Crane Foundation Species Field Guide, Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, Status, Survey and Conservation Action Plan, View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Sarus crane is part of WikiProject Birds, an attempt at creating a standardized, informative and easy-to-use ornithological resource.If you would like to participate, visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks. “Sarus” is from the Hindi word (saras) for crane. Indochinese sarus crane, Antigone antigone sharpii, at Angkor Centre for Conservation of Biodiversity. Sarus cranes are the only resident breeding crane in India. Journal of Ecological Society 16: 16-41. They weigh 11-26 pounds (5-12 kg) – males are larger than females. This article was published in Resonance (December 2009). Juvenile birds engage in “social dancing” that helps develop pair bonds. The Sarus Crane is the tallest flying bird in the world averaging 156cm in length, with a wingspan of up to 240cm and an average weight of 6.35kg, although females are smaller than males. TREND: South Asia and Australian populations uncertain; China-Myanmar population stable; Lower Mekong Basin population decreasing. The Indian population is less than 10,000, but of the three subspecies, is the healthiest in terms of numbers. The cranes are among the most ancient and distinctive families of birds on earth, yet they are among the world's most threatened groups of birds.
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