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Locating India in the Caribbean: Indo-Caribbean Literature, Gender, and Subjectivity (60) Brinda Mehta. Caribbean literature is written in Spanish, French or English. This pathway of our MA Literary Studies degree aims to introduce you to a wide range of texts and issues in the literature of the Caribbean and the Caribbean diaspora to highlight significant movements relative to the social, political and historical contexts impacting upon these new literatures. "Caribbean." [11] Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Cross-Cultural Studies is the culminating effort of a distinguished team of international scholars who have worked since the mid-1980s to create the most complete analysis of Caribbean literature ever undertaken. My lecture today will focus on the fiction of the generation of Anglo-Caribbean novelists who came of age in England in the 80s. British colonialism, not socio-economic modernisation, explains the origins of the democratic institutions of Anglo-Caribbean states. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. As far as I know and was able to verify all of these screenshots below are from persons with 4 Anglo-Caribbean-born grandparents from the same indicated nationality. Loman deftly speaks to one of these particular genres on which the Dark Tower series touches, the Anglo-Saxon riddling genre, and how intimate knowledge of this genre allows one to grasp the series' ending in "Riddles Wrapped in Mystery Inside Enigmas: Anglo-Saxon Literature as the Key to Unlocking the Ending of The Dark Tower series." [24], In the 20th Century epics approach subjects such racist legacies, economic terrorism, and the decolonization of Caribbean culture and politics. His father was a Bohemian artist; he died when Walcott was very young. Rao was writing in an era--which didn't really end until well into the 1980s--when Anglophone Indian literature was largely read within the paradigm of 'Commonwealth Literature.' It is most often, however, written in English, Spanish, Spanglish, French, Hindustani, Dutch, or any number of creoles. [12][15], Caribbean novelists imbue island landscape with bustling life of the locals and migrants. [18] Derek Walcott's wrote "The Sea is History," and dramatized the impact of tropical storms and hurricanes on the locals. Monique Roffey’s recent article on the Waterstones blog created quite a stir when it was posted and shared over various social media. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. "Deconstructing Nationalisms: Henry Swanzy, Caribbean Voices and the Development of West Indian Literature", Interviewing the Caribbean - letters and the visual arts, "CARIBBEAN ISLANDS :. [25][26] Nobel prize winner Derek Walcott pens one of greatest modern epic written in the English language, Omeros (1990). 115–126. Naipaul’s Mystic Masseur (1957) and A House for Mr. Biswas (1961), among others; and in the poetry of Louise Bennett (Jamaica Labrish, 1966). The author of the 1974 anthology West Indian Poetry described Una Marson as “the earliest female poet of significance to emerge in West Indian literature.” She was an advocate for Jamaican literature and the first black woman to be employed by the BBC—she established their “Carribbean Voices” program. Poet and critic. CONTACT. The essays explore key moments in the history of Caribbean Latino literature and bring expert critical attention to trends over the past 150 years. The literature of Caribbean is exceptional, both in language and subject. Over the decades the canon has shifted and expanded, drawing both on oral and literary traditions and including more women poets and politically charged works. [9] Magazines such as Kyk-Over-Al in Guyana, Bim in Barbados, and Focus in Jamaica, which published work by writers from across the region, also encouraged links and helped build an audience.[10]. myths, songs and poetry. The term "West Indies" first began to achieve wide currency in the 1950s, when writers such as Samuel Selvon, John Hearne, Edgar Mittelholzer, V. S. Naipaul, and George Lamming began to be published in the United Kingdom. It was not until the 1920s, however, that the challenge of a distinctive literary form was accepted. This volume recognizes that the most challenging aspect of introducing students to anglophone Caribbean literatureâ€"the sheer variety of intellectual and artistic traditions in Western and non-Western cultures that relate to itâ€"also offers the greatest opportunities to teachers. Most of these territories have become independent nations since the 1960s, though some retain colonial ties to the United Kingdom. Latino Caribbeans are engaged in a metaphorical dance with Anglo Americans as the dominant culture. Caribbean poetry is vast and rapidly evolving field of poetry written by people from the Caribbean region and the diaspora. Dean and Boulton's Anglo-Norman Literature: A Guide to Texts and Manuscripts, which appeared in 1999, helped tame the jungle of Anglo-Norman texts and clear the way for more research in the area, while Jocelyn Wogan-Browne's 2001 monograph Saints' Lives and Women's Literary Culture showed the importance of Anglo-Norman hagiography in the context of medieval texts written by and for women. La diffusione della letteratura inglese e americana in Italia tra le due guerre), law and literature (Shakespeare West Indian can also refer to things that can be "traced back" to the West Indies but the creators "live elsewhere". Both terms are often used interchangeably despite having different origins and referring to slightly different groups of people. Many Caribbean authors in their writing switch liberally between the local variation—now commonly termed nation language—and the standard form of the language. Updates? "POPULAR CULTURE, NATIONAL IDENTITY, AND RACE IN THE CARIBBEAN." myths, songs and poetry. 2, in June 2013, entitled ‘New Writing from the Island of Trinidad’. The Commonwealth Caribbean is the region of the Caribbean with English-speaking nations and territories, which once constituted the Caribbean portion of the British Empire and are now part of the Commonwealth of Nations.The term includes many independent island nations, British Overseas Territories and some mainland nations. The experience of colonization and the type of slavery that existed there have left an indelible mark on the creative impulses of the people. [31] The work traces the history of the Spanish language from medieval times to contemporary Puerto Rico, Cuban, Chicano, and Nuyorican culture. [12] Scholars and writers in Postcolonial Studies have research and published on this cultural phenomenon of an empty island, and the racist implications of a fantasy void of local people and their cultures. His research interests also include the 18th-century English novel, Caribbean literature, Anglo-Italian cultural relations (Il trionfo della memoria. It is also known as the English-speaking Caribbean, … Different languages also make different references to the texts. British colonies, with two exceptions, Grenada and Guyana (Domı´nguez, 1998). Books on LibraryThing tagged Caribbean literature. [8] A sense of a single literature developing across the islands was also encouraged in the 1940s by the BBC radio programme Caribbean Voices, which featured stories and poems written by West Indian authors, recorded in London under the direction of founding producer Una Marson and later Henry Swanzy, and broadcast back to the islands. While there is no terminology that is obsolete, the issue requires acknowledgement due to it being literature of historically oppressed people. This site uses cookies to deliver our services, improve performance, for analytics, and (if not signed in) for advertising. The Slave Narrative in the Anglophone Caribbean (45) Nicole N. Aljoe. He has lived most of his life in Trinidad. A central theme in Caribbean literature is the process of Creolization, a term describing a process of mixing old traditional cultures with new modern elements of an inherited culture. Anglo-America is distinct from Latin America, a region of the Americas where Romance languages (Spanish, Portuguese and French) are prevalent. Poets include Mahadai Das (Guyana), Lenelle Moïse (Haiti), Pamela Mordecai (Jamaica), Lorna Goodison (Jamaica), Julia de Burgos (Puerto Rico), Giannina Braschi (Puerto Rico), Merle Collins (Greneda), Shara McCallum (Jamaica), and Oliver Senior (Jamaica). [24] The work relates Juan Ponce de Leon's colonization of Puerto Rico in search for the mythic fountain of youth. Anglo-America (also referred to as Anglo-Saxon America) most often refers to a region in the Americas in which English is a main language and British culture and the British Empire have had significant historical, ethnic, linguistic and cultural impact. James (Trinidad) and the poetry of Derek Walcott (St. Lucia). Abstract This article contributes to the sparse literature on democratic regimes in the Caribbean by examining the emergence and persistence of Anglo-Caribbean democracies. The Folk in Caribbean Theatre - LOUIS REGIS 42. [17], Caribbean stories and poems are ripe with references to storms, hurricanes, and natural disasters. This contentious one however was… We highlight six novels from six Caribbean … Corrections? https://www.britannica.com/art/Caribbean-literature, Caribbean literature - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). These works include genres such as epic poetry, hagiography, sermons, Bible translations, legal works, chronicles, riddles, and others. The various local variations in the language adopted from the colonial powers such as Britain, Spain, Portugal, France and the Netherlands, have been modified over the years within each country and each has developed a blend that is unique to their country. HOME PORTFOLIO ABOUT CONTACT Village Architects AIA 400 N. Cypress Drive, Suite 21, Tequesta, FL 33469 561-743-4959 Crafted by PhotoBiz MENU MENU HOME. The literature of the Caribbean reflects the social, political, and cultural concerns of the region and is a valuable tool for learning about the area and its people. -- Choice " Hispanic Caribbean Literature of M igration: Narratives of Displacement is an impressive accomplishment. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty." As the theoretical premise of this study has been the idea that language is a site of subjectivation through interpellation, the concept of translation has gone much beyond the linguistic and cultural sphere, also embracing the sphere of personal identity. This volume in the Options for Teaching series recognizes that the most challenging aspect of introducing students to anglophone Caribbean literature―the sheer variety of intellectual and artistic traditions in Western and non-Western cultures that relate … Then, as part of Spanish-American Modernism, Spanish and French Caribbean writers began to break away from European ideals and to identify themselves with their fellow West Indians, most of whom were black. Rao was writing in an era--which didn't really end until well into the 1980s--when Anglophone Indian literature was largely read within the paradigm of 'Commonwealth Literature.' The migration of Caribbean workers to the Panama Canal is often used as a narrative foundation. The literature of Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Curaçao, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Martin, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos and the U.S. Virgin Islands would normally be considered to belong to the wider category of West Indian literature. Concentrating on the 1950s to the mid 1970s, it highlights the period's diversity of sexual concerns. More than a million and a half Africans, along with many Indians and South Asians, were brought to the Caribbean between the 15th and 19th centuries. Omissions? [35] His best known works are The Dragon Can’t Dance (1979) and Salt (1996) which won the Commonwealth Book Prize. Meant to illustrate the individual variation among West Indians in the first place. A central theme in Caribbean literature is the process of Creolization, a term describing a process of mixing old traditional cultures with new modern elements of an inherited culture. Caribbean literature is the literature of the various territories of the Caribbean region. Gender/Sexuality a. Caribbean Literature and Sexuality - … Caribbean Literature and the Public Sphere: From the Plantation to the Postcolonial. "Cocktail Conversations: West Indian Vs Caribbean." Caribbean oral poetry shares the vigour of the written tradition. [24] Later epics of the Spanish West Indies include Manuel de Jesus Galvan's national epic "The Sword and the Cross" (1954) that relates the myths and histories of the colony of Hispaniola. [20][21] Giannina Braschi's postcolonial work United States of Banana imagines a political and economic deal deal between China and Puerto Rico as the exchange of a bowl of rice for a bowl of beans, and a Lychee for a Quenepa.[22]. Anglo-Caribbean. The paper ends with suggestions for further … Caribbean literature is written in Spanish, French or English. [6] The Spanish Caribbean islands include Cuba, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and Panama as well as the islands of Venezuela and the Caribbean coast of Colombia.[7]. Oxford English Dictionary, 2018, Oxford University Press. [2], West Indian is defined as coming from the "West Indies", which includes "the islands of the Caribbean" and was "used first [for] indigenous population, and subsequently both [for] settlers of European origin and of people of African origin brought to the area as slaves." the various literary responses of the first and second generations of Anglo-Caribbean writers to the realities of their region. HOME. [29] Parts of the story occur on Walcott's native island St. Lucia, but there are also time travels to ancient Greece and Rome, as well as travels to modern day Lisbon, London, Dublin, Toronto. [32] Braschi's later epic, written in English, is United States of Banana (2011), a geopolitical tragic-comedy about the fall of the American empire, the liberation of Puerto Rico, and the realignment of powers among Caribbean nations. The Routledge Companion to Anglophone Caribbean Literature offers a comprehensive, critically engaging overview of this increasingly significant body of work. Works of Caribbean Literature have also been produced by people of Caribbean ancestry who live primarily in Europe and major urban centers of the United States. Jean Price-Mars, a Haitian ethnologist, in Ainsi parla l’oncle (1928; “Thus Spoke the Uncle”), declared that his purpose was to “restore to the Haitian people the dignity of their folklore.” The achievement of this negritude, finely expressed in Césaire’s poem Cahier d’un retour au pays natal (1939; Return to My Native Land), was the construction into poetic forms of the rhythmic and tonal elements of the islands’ rituals and speech patterns, using Symbolist and Surrealist techniques. Derek Walcott describes the complications of colonialism using local fruit metaphors, such as star apples, in his poetry to connote the complexity of acidity and the sweetness. Playwrights include Una Marson who wrote in English, and Ina Césaire (Martinique) and Simone Schwarz-Bart (France/Guadeloupe) who write in French. Caribbean literature, literary works of the Caribbean area written in Spanish, French, or English. Ethnicity / Kenneth Ramchand ; A. Authorial Reckoning With The Dougla In Trinidad Literature, 1929-1997 / Kenneth Ramchand ; B. Chinese Characters In Anglo-Caribbean Literature / Sheila Rampersad ; 41. 61, no. Behind the Counter: Teaching Chinese Jamaican Texts in the Caribbean Literature Course (80) Timothy Chin. Literature began in England with the Celtic Druids ; Druids would memorize and recite poems for special occasions ; 3 The Anglo-Saxons . www.caribbeanislands.com". Ethnic labels given by Europeans do NOT per se reflect how the slaves would have self-identified themselves! The leaders of this movement, mainly poets, were Luis Palés Matos (Puerto Rico), Jacques Roumain (Haiti), Nicolás Guillén (Cuba), Léon Damas (French Guiana), and Aimé Césaire (Martinique). Caribbean writers, performance poets, newspaper poets, singer-songwriters have created a popular art form, a poetry heard by audiences all over the world. Native fruits and vegetables appear in colonized and decolonizing discourse. [43], (Grouped by territory of birth or upbringing), "Caribbean literature" vs "West Indian literature", Territories included in the category West Indian, Development of the concept of West Indian literature. In the Time of the Butterflies book. The West Africans who replaced them were also without a written tradition, so for about 400 years Caribbean literature was an offshoot and imitation of the models of the colonial powers—Spain, France, Great Britain, and the Netherlands. The literature of the Caribbean is exceptional, both in language and subject. The essays explore key moments in the history of Caribbean Latino literature and bring expert critical attention to trends over the past 150 years. Literature of the English-Speaking Caribbean "Two sterling works are the most a young country like this can be expected to produce in a limited number of years, and — to tell the whole truth — they are all the public, in its present state, can put up with." In more recent times, a number of literary voices have emerged from the Caribbean as well as the Caribbean diaspora, including Kittitian Caryl Phillips (who has lived in the UK since one month of age); Edwidge Danticat, a Haitian immigrant to the United States; Anthony Kellman from Barbados, who divides his time between Barbados and the United States; Andrea Levy of the United Kingdom; Jamaicans Alecia McKenzie, who has lived in Belgium, Singapore and France, and Colin Channer and Marlon James, the author of the Man Booker Prize-winning novel A Brief History of Seven Killings (2014) (as well as John Crow's Devil, The Book of Night Women, the unpublished screenplay "Dead Men", and the short story "Under Cover of Darkness"), Antiguan Marie-Elena John, and Lasana M. Sekou from Saint Martin (island). 5 U.S. shipments available for Anglo Caribbean Trading Ltd., updated weekly since 2007. Two West Indian writers have won the Nobel Prize for Literature: Derek Walcott (1992), born in St. Lucia, resident mostly in Trinidad during the 1960s and '70s, and partly in the United States since then; and V. S. Naipaul, born in Trinidad and resident in the United Kingdom since 1950. Anglo-America (also referred to as Anglo-Saxon America) most often refers to a region in the Americas in which English is a main language and British culture and the British Empire have had significant historical, ethnic, linguistic and cultural impact. [33] Mixing elements of poetry, lyric essay, Caribbean songs, and socratic dialogues, this epic tackles the subjects of global debt, financial terrorism, and decolonization. Caribbean lands and seas have been depicted as a paradise on earth by foreign artists and writers. Differences in point of view between individual contributors are left intact here as … The British Caribbean, developing its national literature after 1945, made its own contribution in the folk dialect novel: Vic Reid’s New Day (1949), Samuel Selvon’s A Brighter Sun (1952) and The Lonely Londoners (1956), George Lamming’s In the Castle of My Skin (1953), and V.S. [28] The work uses local island folklore and ancient Greek myths such as Homer' Iliad to address legacies of Greek, Roman, and American culture including racism and slavery. Folk a. Anglophone Caribbean Immigrants in the Harlem Renaissance (98) There is also a burgeoning field of scholarship on how women authors address women's lives under dictatorships, eroticism and the body, history and identity, migration, Afro Caribbean history, decolonization, revolution, queer theory, among countless other topics. Anglo Caribbean home architecture by Village Architects AIA for a client in Hobe Sound, Florida. Although most island nations gained their independence in the 1960s, the region is still plagued by poverty and repression, and it is this potent fusion of social and political turmoil--the legacy of colonialism--that has proven to be an unusually fertile ground for literature. His family was of mixed race and ethnicity; he had two white grandfathers and two black grandmothers. [36], Many parts of the Caribbean have begun in recent years to host literary festivals, including in Anguilla, the Anguilla Lit Fest, in Trinidad and Tobago the NGC Bocas Lit Fest,[37] in Jamaica the Calabash International Literary Festival,[38] in Saint Martin/Sint Maarten the St. Martin Book Fair,[39] in Barbados Bim Literary Festival,[40] in Dominica the Nature Island Literary Festival and Book Fair,[41] Alliouagana Festival of the word[42] in Montserrat, and the Antigua and Barbuda Literary Festival. Nieuwe West-Indische Gids / New West Indian Guide, vol. Today, their descendants are active in literature and the arts, producing literature with strong and direct ties to traditional African expressions. [30], Giannina Braschi's Empire of Dreams (1988) is a postmodern epic composed of six books of poetry that blend elements of eclogues, epigrams, lyrics, prose poem, diary, jingles, Puerto Rican folklore, and political manifesto. Among the most prominent Caribbean poets whose works are widely studied (and translated into other languages) are: Derek Walcott (who won the 1992 Nobel Prize for Literature), Kamau Brathwaite, Edouard Glissant, Giannina Braschi, Lorna Goodinson, Aimé Fernand Césaire, Linton Kwesi Johnson, Kwame Dawes, and Claudia Rankine. 203. [34], Trinidadian playwright and novelist Earl Lovelace's work has been described as performative epics that mix the rhythms of steelband and calypso with complex narratives about black power and the political, spiritual, and psychic struggles for decolonization. Through themes of innocence, exile and return to motherland, resistance and endurance, engagement and alienation, self determination, Caribbean literature provides a powerful platform for Post-Colonial studies and to Caribbean literatures in importance the context of all literature. Read 4 131 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Abstract This article contributes to the sparse literature on democratic regimes in the Caribbean by examining the emergence and persistence of Anglo-Caribbean democracies. The Slave Narrative in the Anglophone Caribbean (45) Nicole N. Aljoe. Literature in English from the former British West Indies may be referred to as Anglo-Caribbean or, in historical contexts, as West Indian literature. "Folking up the Criticism": The Politics of "the Folk" in Caribbean Discourse - CHRISTIAN CAMPBELL b. ABOUT. Behind the Counter: Teaching Chinese Jamaican Texts in the Caribbean Literature Course (80) Timothy Chin. Disclaimers: These charts are NOT meant to be taken as an absolute or definitive display of ethnic origins for modernday populations! ORAL LITERATURE Oral literature can be considered as the earliest form of Caribbean Literature consisting mainly of rich folk- tale traditions, legends and. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. ABOUT. There is great abundance of talent, styles, and subjected covered by Caribbean women writers spanning the genres of poetry, theater, short stories, essays, and novels. Oxford English Dictionary, 2018, Oxford University Press. They share, apart from the English language, a number of political, cultural, and social ties which make it useful to consider their literary output in a single category. The Economic Times, Economic Times, 13 Nov. 2011, economictimes.indiatimes.com/cocktail-conversations-west-indian-vs-caribbean/articleshow/10707160.cms. Caribbean poetry generally refers to a myriad of poetic forms, spanning epic, lyrical verse, prose poems, dramatic poetry and oral poetry, composed in Caribbean territories regardless of language. The essays explore key moments in the history of Caribbean Latino literature and bring expert critical attention to trends over the past 150 years. [16] Another contemporary classic about migrant cultures isRamabai Espinet’s novel The Swinging Bridge (2003), which explores trauma of displacement, Indian indentureship, and the phenomena of invisibility relating to women. 561-743-4959. Anglo-Saxon literature (or Old English literature) encompasses literature written in Anglo-Saxon (Old English) during the 600-year Anglo-Saxon period of Britain, from the mid-5th century to the Norman Conquest of 1066. The History of Literature in the Caribbean brings together the most distinguished team of literary Caribbeanists ever assembled, cutting across ideological commitments and critical methods. Literature of the English-Speaking Caribbean "Two sterling works are the most a young country like this can be expected to produce in a limited number of years, and — to tell the whole truth — they are all the public, in its present state, can put up with." Most of the poem is composed in a three-line form that is reminiscent of the terza rima form that Dante used for The Divine Comedy. Title: Anglo-Saxon Literature 1 Anglo-Saxon Literature 2 The Celts. ORAL LITERATURE Oral literature can be considered as the earliest form of Caribbean Literature consisting mainly of rich folk- tale traditions, legends and. Works of Caribbean Literature have also been produced by people of Caribbean ancestry who live primarily in Europe and major urban centers of the United States. Major novelists include Maryse Conde (Guadeloupe), Merle Hodge (Trinidad), Paul Marshall, Elizabeth Nunez (Trinidad-American ), Tiphanie Yanique (Virgin Islands), Rosario Ferre (Puerto Rico), and Michelle Cliff (Jamaica). the start was to cover in this talk the whole field of Caribbean literature, but I have had to narrow down, for obvious reasons. A rich historical analysis of the early modern Sephardic Caribbean is currently emerging in the work of Jonathan Schorsch, Natalie Zemon Davis, Aviva Ben-Ur and others. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Literature of the Caribbean by Lizabeth Paravisini-Gebert The Caribbean is an exotic but not too distant land, full of rich cultural traditions. Anglophone definition is - consisting of or belonging to an English-speaking population especially in a country where two or more languages are spoken. [3] West Indian "was a term coined by colonising European powers. Today, Caribbean writers are increasingly celebrated for their insight and their ability to craft rich tales. Caribbean Literature : Most Important Caribbean Writers Derek Walcott (23.01.1930) Walcott raised in Castries, Saint Lucia. Poetry in English from the former British West Indies have be referred to as Anglo-Caribbean poetry or West Indian poetry. (shelved 4 times as caribbean-literature) avg rating 3.66 — 1,336 ratings — published 1997 Want to Read saving… In the novels of Wilson Harris (Guyana), the Symbolist and Surrealist techniques of the Modernist movement reappear; and the poetry of Edward Brathwaite (Rights of Passage [1967], Masks [1968], Islands [1969]) attempts to reassert the place of Africa in the Caribbean. Anglo Caribbean Results. Other notable names in (anglophone) Caribbean literature have included Una Marson, Earl Lovelace, Austin Clarke, Claude McKay, Louise Bennett, Orlando Patterson, Andrew Salkey, Edward Kamau Brathwaite (who was born in Barbados and has lived in Ghana and Jamaica), Linton Kwesi Johnson, Velma Pollard and Michelle Cliff, to name only a few. "West Indian." Common themes include: exile and return to the motherland; the relationship of language to nation; colonialism and postcolonialism; self-determination and liberty; racial identity. Caribbean literature is the term generally accepted for the literature of the various territories of the Caribbean region. PORTFOLIO. I will CANDACE WARD, Professor of English, Ph.D. University of Alabama (1996), specializes in early Anglo-Caribbean literature and culture, eighteenth-century British literature, and early women's fiction. Celebrating Caribbean Literature Day in Jamaica and the Caribbean region. Many—perhaps most—West Indian writers have found it necessary to leave their home territories and base themselves in the United Kingdom, the United States, or Canada in order to make a living from their work—in some cases spending the greater parts of their careers away from the territories of their birth.

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