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The green color represents the luxuriant coastal forests of the south and also symbolizes the hope for a bright future. This influence was clear when Senegal linked with the Sudanese Republic (now Mali) in the Mali Federation on April 4, 1959, and adopted a vertical tricolour of green-yellow-red with a central representation in black of a human figure known as the kanaga. That year, however, the AEF became a unitary entity and its constituent colonies became known as regions, later becoming known as territories in 1937. Coins of the West African CFA franc exist in the forms of 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, 250, and 500 francs. Africa is the second largest continent after Eurasia. You can copy & paste flag emojis anywhere you like, or you can use their code values on your web page design, or computer programing. The French West African CFA franc was linked to the French franc and was produced and circulated by the Central Bank of West Africa. The National Flag of Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) is a vertical tricolor and comprises of three equal vertical bands of orange (hoist side), white, and green. Benin, country of western Africa. The flag has three colors namely green, yellow and red. The orange color of the flag represents the savanna grasslands dominating the northern parts of the country. Both currencies have the same value and are guaranteed by the treasury of France. Red for the blood of the anti-colonialists' independence fight. It was a colony and an overseas territory under the Third Republic. Updates? Furthermore, 17 of the total 21 African countries have populations of more than one million people that speak French. The initials CFA represents the Communauté Financière d'Afrique, a Central Bank situated in Senegal in the city of Dakar. Flags. The Flag of Benin: The official flag of Benin was adopted in 1959. Ex-French colony in West Africa. The yellow and red bands lie horizontally side by side while the green lies vertically at one end. The flag is an adaptation of the winning entry from Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi in a competition held in 1959. French West Africa. From 1910 until 1957, Gabon was part of the French Equatorial Africa. All flags are available for purchase in high-quality nylon or polyester and in multiple sizes, from miniature (4" x 6") up to 5' x 8'. Just like the other French colonies, Cote d’Ivoire was made to adopt the French West African CFA franc as its first official currency. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Actually, this flag was for all Governors of particular French colonies. Below the shield is a banner inscribed with the name of the nation: "République de Côte d'Ivoire". The elephant is an important symbol for the nation. We will work in honor for the just right. a) b) c) Well done! 50-franc banknotes were last issued in 1959, and 100-franc banknotes were last issued in 1965. One of the other irrevocable parts of Franco-African relations is the continued presence of French citizens throughout Africa. The West African CFA franc was introduced to the French Colonies in West Africa, including the Ivory Coast. The National Flag of Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) was officially adopted on December 3, 1959. The country’s terrain is that of a shallow basin that rises gradually from the Lake Chad area in the west and is rimmed by mountains to the north, east, and south. French is an official language of the country. It has a width-to-length ratio of approximately 2 to 3. Independence followed on August 20, 1960, but the federation ended and Senegal became a separate country with its own flag in September. Learn more about Chad, including its people, economy, and government. The West African CFA franc was issued in the form of banknotes of varying denominations. He was studying at Norwood Technical College in London, England, when he saw an advertisement in a newspaper that submissions were being accepted for the design of a new national flag of Nigeria. / 254. Nous marcherons de l’avant, pleins d’amour et pleins de foi. Its width-to-length ratio is 2 to 3.Under the ancien régime, France had a great number of flags, and many of its military and naval flags were elaborate and subject to artistic variations. Guinea, country of western Africa, located on the Atlantic coast. Geographically, a large chunk of French speaking countries come from West and Central Africa. vertically striped green-yellow-red national flag with a central green star. The elephant is the only large animal found in the country as well as it was the source of ivory for which the country is named. Currency code: XOF: Currency symbol: Fr: Benin; Burkina Faso; Côte d'Ivoire; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Niger; Senegal; Togo; Whose flag is it? The current official Coat of Arms of Ivory Coast was adopted on June 26, 1964. A governor-general of French West Africa was appointed to administer the federation and was based in Senegal, the only place where African people had even minimally been assimilated under the original French plan. https://www.britannica.com/topic/flag-of-Senegal. The Central Bank of West African States took up the role of producing and circulating currency from the Bank of West Africa. Only in St. Louis did even a small percentage of West Africans come to participate in French … Françafrique. French West Africa (French: Afrique occidentale française, AOF) was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte d’Ivoire, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin) and Niger.The capital of the federation was Dakar. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Officially it is Republic of Senegal. Flags of French-speaking countries Each of the following countries has French as an official or declared minority language. They consequently looked to the simple design of the French Tricolor as an inspiration for the flag of Senegal when the nation achieved autonomous status in 1958. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean and from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea. Flags of African countries. Senegal was one of the oldest French colonies in Africa, and it was a place where leading intellectuals such as Léopold Senghor hoped to combine both European and African values. To this day, Ivory Coast still uses the West African CFA franc as its legal tender. In 1904, Cote d’Ivoire was added into the group of West Africa French colonies known as ‘the Federation of French West Africa.' Those three pan-African colours had been used by individual political parties in Senegal in the 1950s and were also adopted by many nearby countries for their national flags, including Benin, Guinea, Ghana, Cameroon, and others. The French government did not allow the use of any other flag, fearing that it might lead to the development of nationalist feelings and subsequent revolution. Green is seen as a symbol of hope and of the country’s major religions, while yellow is for natural riches and the wealth derived from labour. Its capital is Conakry. Prices start at $2.25 and a 3' x 5' polyester flag is reasonably priced at $13.00. The BCEAO (Banque Centrale des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest) [The Central Bank of the West African States] issues the currency. In 1905, the French officially abolished slavery in most of French West Africa. Senegal. If we have brought back liberty peacefully. The federation existed from 1895 until 1960. What is present-day Mali became a part of French West Africa, although its borders were modified repeatedly and its name was changed as well. Being a French colony, Ivory Coast was represented by the National Flag of France. The flag of Guinea is based on France's tricolor, it has the pan-African colors - yellow, green, & red. The colonial movements of France were Senegal centered in the west-east direction towards inner parts of Africa. You have reached Britannica's public website. The notes were in denominations of 5, 25, 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 francs. 1. False, it is * show next. Each country in the world has its own combination of colors, shapes and symbols, but conventionally almost all national flags are rectangular. This flag was flown beneath the national ensign. Learn more about the history, geography, and culture of Benin in this article. This high number in West Africa is explained by the history of colonization in Africa. The flag has a proportion ratio of 2:3. Most people also use their ethnic languages. The anthem was officially adopted on July 27, 1960. The orange color of the flag represents the savanna grasslands dominating the northern parts of the country. The French Protectorate of Morocco (French: Protectorat français au Maroc; Arabic: الحماية الفرنسية في المغرب ‎), also known as French Morocco, was the French military occupation of a large part of Morocco established in the form of a colonial regime imposed by France while preserving the Moroccan royal regime known as the Sherifian Empire under French rule. Colonial governors used a rectangular swallow-tailed version of this flag. West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of Africa.The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo, as well as the United Kingdom Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. Akinkunmi was a 23-year-old student at the time he designed the flag. List of francophone countries in West Africa. The currency was introduced in 1903, and it existed only in the form of banknotes. The golden rising sun above the shield symbolizes a new beginning. The 10,000-franc note has existed since 1977. During World War II, as early as 1940, the Free French gained control of Gabon. List of National Flag Symbols of all countries with their Unicode and HTML Dec values. Benin was a French colony from the late 19th century until 1960. In the late 18th century, during the French imperial rule, the tricolor national flag of France flew over the country and was the official flag of Burkina Faso. The French tricolor flag was the national flag and the French took their language to the country which is why it is another French speaking country and one where you can learn French. Three of western Africa’s major rivers—the Gambia, the Niger, and the Senegal—rise in Guinea. Design. The official capital is Porto-Novo, but Cotonou is Benin’s largest city, its chief port, and its de facto administrative capital. The music of the anthem has been composed by both Pierre-Michel Pango and Pierre Marie Coty. The national flag is a symbol or emblem of a country, and therefor it represents a country. L'Abidjanaise ("The Song of Abidjan) is the national anthem of Cote d' Ivoire (Ivory Coast). Burkina Faso (UK: / b ɜːr ˌ k iː n ə ˈ f æ s oʊ /, US: /-ˈ f ɑː s oʊ / (); French: [buʁkina faso]) is a landlocked country in West Africa that covers an area of around 274,200 square kilometres (105,900 sq mi) and is bordered by Mali to the northwest, Niger to the northeast, Benin to the southeast, Togo and Ghana to the south, and the Ivory Coast to the southwest. Chad, landlocked state in north-central Africa. In December 1959, the executive council of the government under the French colony adopted the Upper Volta’s first flag which had equal horizontal bands of black, white, and red. For example, almost all of them are striped, except of the flat rectangles of Morocco, Tunisia, Mauritania, Eritrea, Somalia. The frequently used colors are green, yellow, red and black. Banknotes of the West African CFA franc exist in the forms of 500, 1000, 2000, 5000, and 10,000 francs. The object was to raise the Free French flag in West Africa, to occupy Dakar and thus start to consolidate the French resistance of its colonies in Africa. Aluminum-bronze coins of 1 franc and 50 centimes were first issued in 1944. Very different in design the national flags of the independent countries in this part of the world have some common features. Last June, Abdelmalek Droukdel, the leader of al-Qaida’s North Africa affiliate, was killed in Mali by French forces who had been hunting him in the Sahel for years. "Union, Discipline, Travail" (“Unity, Discipline, Labour”). Some thirty thousand French expatriates (3) reside in West Africa. The capital is N’Djamena. In 1959, the modern flag of the country was adopted. Senegal's political and economic capital is Dakar, one of the biggest French-speaking cities in Africa. From 1904 to 1958, Ivory Coast was part of the Federation of French West Africa. 0 wrong. Former Director, Flag Research Center, Winchester, Massachusetts. The shared currency has improved trade in the West African region, particularly in Cote d’Ivoire, because traders do not worry about exchange rate fluctuations. As for the French side, French West Africa was colonized between 1890-1914 and French-Ecuadorian Africa between 1899-1922. National Flag Symbols. We will walk forward, full of love and full of faith. The West African CFA franc is the official currency used by Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) and seven other nations situated in western Africa. The National Flag of Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) is a vertical tricolor and comprises of three equal vertical bands of orange (hoist side), white, and green. The lyrics have been authored by Joachim Bony, Pierre Marie Coty and Mathieu Ekra. Author of, vertically striped blue-white-red national flag. Coordinates. The white color symbolizes peace, purity, unity and a pledge for success. France (French: ), officially the French Republic (French: République française), is a country primarily located in Western Europe, consisting of metropolitan France and several overseas regions and territories. Senegal retained the green-yellow-red flag but substituted a green star for the kanaga. Under the name French Guinea, it was a part of French West Africa until it achieved independence in 1958. In the friendship of the brotherly peoples. The flag’s unique design though modelled after the French Tricolore was indeed a popular choice and has not been changed ever since it was officially adopted. For most of its existence, the territory was known as the French Sudan and headed by either a governor or a lieutenant governor. (See also Mali, flag of.). African islands cover an area of about 1 million square km. French West Africa, French Afrique Occidentale Française (AOF), administrative grouping under French rule from 1895 until 1958 of the former French territories of West Africa: Senegal, French Guinea, the Ivory Coast, and the French Sudan, to which Dahomey was added in 1899. France’s intense relationship with Africa has created a concept named as “Françafrique”. Si nous avons dans la paix ramené la liberté. Coordinates. The flag does not feature the Pan-African colors used by a vast majority of neighbouring nations. 0 correctly. For your greatness, rich and noble homeland. For instance, Senegal, a federated colony inside the French West Africa, which itself was ruled by a Governor-General, was administred by a Governor, just like French Sudan, Guinea, or any other colony in French West Africa. As well as the flags of individual colonies, the governors-general of French colonies flew a square flag with a blue field and the French ensign in the canton. The National Flags of the African States. West African CFA franc; Countries using West African CFA franc currency. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Corrections? Some of West African countries that speak French are: 1. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, Flags, Symbols & Currency of Cote d'Ivoire, California Condor Facts: Animals Of North America, The Causes And Effects Of Ocean Pollution, Anthem Title: L'Abidjanaise ("The Song of Abidjan"), Music Composers: Pierre-Michel Pango and Pierre Marie Coty, Lyricists: Joachim Bony, Pierre Marie Coty and Mathieu Ekra. Until 1934, French Equatorial Africa was a federation of French colonies like French West Africa. The royal coat of arms, a blue shield with three golden fleurs-de-lis, was…. From the north, the African land is washed by the Mediterranean Sea, from the northeast by the Red Sea, by the Indian Ocean by the east and south, and by the Atlantic from the west. In 1940, Dakar became involved in the Second World War when General de Gaulle, leader of the Free French Forces, sought to make the city the base of his resistance operations. It features a shield with the head of an elephant that is supported by two golden palm trees. The white color symbolizes peace, purity, unity and a pledge for success. Omissions? Red recalls the independence struggle, life, and socialism. The flag of the African Union is a green flag with the dark green map of the African continent … The West African CFA franc is a stable currency, which has enabled economies to experience steady growth. Senegal was one of the oldest French colonies in Africa, and it was a place where leading intellectuals such as Léopold Senghor hoped to combine both European and African values. 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