why are professional values important in nursing
Using the sample size formula, 260 clinical nurses were invited to participate in the study. A nurse, by profession, is constantly in situations that pose an ethical or moral conflict. Leners DW, Roehrs C, Piccone AV. To ensure reliability, a pilot study was conducted on 20 nurses in which Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was calculated as 0.90. The obtained results showed that the mean total score of the importance of professional values was high. Therefore, there is low awareness regarding their direct relationship with the promotion of nursing profession . J Med Ethics Hist Med. Attitude. Shahriari M, Mohammadi E, Abbaszadeh A, Bahrami M, Fooladi MM. The present study was aimed to investigate the importance of the professional values from nurses’ perspective. The development of these values is critical for making important decisions in healthcare. Delivering empathy for the patient as they cope with their condition. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the importance of professional values from clinical nurses’ perspective. It is suggested that continuous education programs be designated according to the emerging ethical challenges. Core values of nursing include altruism, autonomy, human dignity, integrity, honesty and social justice [ 3 ]. The first section collected the participants' demographic characteristics including gender, marital status, level of education, ethnicity, type of employment, amount of income, and participation in professional ethical training. J Med Ethics Hist Med. Applying professional values is an important aspect of nursing training. Therefore, it's no surprise that there are more of them working in the field than any other healthcare professional. Various studies on professional values in different countries have reported that the difference in professional values lies in their prioritization nor in their nature. The fundamental value of nursing profession is to provide help to others. How a nurses own values can impact on patients care both positively and negatively. Nurs Ethics. This study had two limitations. Accessed 20 May 2016. More than half of the participants (54.8%) had an amount of income higher than $440.66. Shih FJ, Lin YS, Smith MC, Liou YM, Chiang HH, Lee SH, Gau ML. Values grading among nursing students–differences between the ethnic groups. The process of acquisition such values is gradual and evolutionary and occurs throughout an individual’s lifetime . Table 2 shows that according to the five-point Likert scale, each item falls in the range of important to very important. In their study, the low scores were initiated with 3 to 10 years of work experience; indicate that nurses moving toward competent stage face challenges and formative experiences that reflected in scores of professional values . Nursing models and theories are important elements of accumulating nursing knowledge and have a chance to guarantee the ethical professional practice. The second task is to honor a patient’s end-of-life wishes and plans as much as possible. It is important for nurses to treat a patient's physical ailments as well as his or her emotional needs. Furthermore, it is recommended that mixed methods studies should be conducted in order to design an instrument to evaluate the use of values in nursing practice. A value is a principle or standard of behavior that depicts one’s judgment of what is important in life. Jamileh Farokhzadian or Fariba Borhani. This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 250 nurses and 100 nursing students. 2010;30(5):458–63. Jpn J Nurs Sci. The study conducted by Shahriari et al. This model comprises the following: ● Caring. Registered Nurse with Associate Degree Entry (ADN to MSN), Registered Nurse with Non-Nursing Bachelor’s Degree Entry (Bachelor’s to MSN), Registered Nurse with Bachelor of Science in Nursing Degree Entry (BSN to MSN). Different roles in the nursing profession require different processes to satisfy this mandate. 5. BMC Med ethics. 2012;9(2):195–200. Leduc K, Kotzer AM. Students who pursue a family care nurse practitioner specialization can fine-tune their skills in delivering equal, honor-driven care to patients of all cultural and religious backgrounds, regardless of age or gender. How to Become a Mental Health Nurse 2015;8:4. Probably, it can be said that the increase in the age led to more stable personality as well as higher adaptability with problems. Tracking the development of professional values in undergraduate nursing students. 2012;19(1):30–44. The first is to effectively and ethically handle a host of care issues uniquely present in end-of-life scenarios, such as DNR decisions, pain management, and assistance. Nurses are an important professional group in the healthcare system of the UK. Poorchangizi, B., Farokhzadian, J., Abbaszadeh, A. et al. Nurses are hugely important to the NHS in the UK. Each value is essential to our profession of nursing. The National League for Nursing (NLN) developed a core values model that promotes doing right by patients. Nurse Educ Today. CCC2,11 Y. Consistent with the present study results, these values were identified as the most important nursing professional values in other studies conducted by Gallegos and Sortedahl , Clark , Schank and Weis , as well as Shahriari et al. Farokhzadian J, Khajouei R, Ahmadian L. Information seeking and retrieval skills of nurses: nurses readiness for evidence based practice in hospitals of a medical university in Iran. The NPVS-R is the only known instrument for measuring professional nursing values. Professional ethical competence in nursing: the role of nursing instructors. Professional values are values acquired during socialization into nursing from codes of ethics, nursing experiences, teachers, and peers.6 Values something of worth; enduring attitudes about the worth of a person, object, idea, or action. The changing landscape of care: does ethics education have a new role to play in health practice? National League for Nursing, Core Values Such differences might be due to the existence of various age groups, clinical environments or working conditions. http://www.aacn.nche.edu/education-resources/BaccEssentials08.pdf. This definition introduces two more words: 'morals' and 'values'. The use of these values in nursing practice increased the quality of patients care, nurses’ occupational satisfaction, their retention in nursing and commitment to the organization [4, 5]. The Integrated values ensure that the legacy of caring behavior embodied by nurses is strengthened for the future nursing workforce. For instance, a nurse specializing in palliative or hospice care may take on an advocacy role for a patient who has a strict do not resuscitate (DNR) order. At Goodwin University, we believe empathy is a nurse’s ability to understand, be aware of, be sensitive to, and vicariously experience the feelings, thoughts, and experiences of the patient and their family. A study published in the Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research(IJNMR) groups the … The majority of the participants were female (90%), married (75.6%), and had Bachelor’s degree (98.4%), as well as were of Persian ethnicity (98.4%). Professional values are a source to promote nurses’ ethical competencies in clinical settings and dealing with ethical concerns in the present era . This article aims to identify why nursing theory is important in practice. These expectations include representing the best interests of the patient, professional conduct at all times, caring and compassionate interactions, and advocacy on behalf of the patient. Leners et al. Submit online with application. Expressing tolerance and avoiding bias in the nursing field transcends the concept of race. 6. Nurses operate on six core values which are commonly known as the 6 C's. Moreover, the complexity pertaining to advanced healthcare increases the need to conduct research and provide the basic information for education in the field of professional values and ethics. The second section was Weis and Schank’s Nursing Professional Values Scale-Revised (NPVS-R). Case Western Reserve University. Competency Point of entry: Essential knowledge, understanding and skill application required Essential skills cluster number and point Multi-choice Exam: Generic Multi-choice Exam: Generic applied to nursing field specific OSCE's: Suitable items for testing Articulates the underpinning values of the code, (NMC,2015) Care, Compassion and Communication CCC1,1. Contemporary literature has been reviewed and synthesized to develop this theoretical paper on the Professional Values Model in nursing. Researchers would like to thank the participating nurses who devoted so graciously a part of their time to participate in the study. Acting ethically alters a nurse’s mission in a small but critical way. In addition, professional values form the basis for acceptable behavior and attitude in the nursing profession. BMC Med Ethics 18, 20 (2017). Springer Nature. Kenny, G. (2002) The importance of nursing values in Interprofessional collaboration. Lai PK, Pek H. Concept of professional socialization in nursing. Some of the factors which affect values include culture. Indiana University of Pennsylvania, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing. Development and psychometric evaluation of the nurses professional values scale revised. Statement of Purpose A statistically significant relationship was observed between NPVS-R mean scores and nurses’ age, work experience as well as participation in professional ethical training (P < 0.05). They are important because they influence decisions, actions, even nurse’s ethical decision making. The present cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016 in four educational hospitals of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Iran. A discussion about two areas of nursing which are important in delivering safe and effective care to patients these include: communication and professional values.